Attorney General's Opinion
Attorney General Richard Blumenthal
March 24, 1994
Susan S. Addiss, MPH, MUrS
Department of Public Health and Addiction Services
150 Washington Street
Hartford, CT 06106
Dear Commissioner Addiss:
You have sought our advice regarding the issue of whether a hospital which has been licensed as a chronic disease hospital may be issued a second chronic disease hospital license for a discrete portion of its premises which it intends to operate as a rehabilitation unit. After careful consideration, we must concur with the Department's June 1993 opinion, referenced in your letter requesting this advice, that a second chronic disease hospital license may not be issued.
In the example which you provided, New Britain Memorial Hospital ("the Hospital") requested a second chronic disease hospital license for a rehabilitation unit which it intends to locate in a newly constructed building addition. The Hospital argued that it had evolved into what has become, in effect, two separate hospitals, one for the treatment of chronic disease, and one a rehabilitation hospital. The chronic disease units serve patients who require long-term stays with few discharge options, whereas the rehabilitation program involves short stays with approximately 87% of the patients discharged into the community.
The reason for the request for a second license centers on Medicare rate limits. Under Medicare's Prospective Payment System ("PPS"), rate ceilings for current years are based on a "base rate" established in the "12-month cost reporting period immediately preceding the first cost reporting period subject to ceilings established under this section." 42 C.F.R. 413.40(b)(1). The Hospital's base year is 1983. The Hospital claims that the gap between the base rate and reasonable Medicare costs has increased dramatically. The Hospital contends that issuance of a second chronic disease hospital license would establish a new base rate for the newly-licensed portion of the Hospital, which, in turn, would ensure greater federal participation.1 Thus, the Hospital seeks a second license in order to avail itself of the higher base rate, which, in turn, would lead to larger federal payments to the Hospital.
Connecticut does not have a rehabilitation hospital license. Conn.Gen.Stat. 19a-495(a) provides that "the Department of [Public Health and Addiction Services] shall, ..., establish classifications of institutions." Hospitals are classified for licensing purposes into two main groups: short-term hospitals, which include general, children's general and special hospitals; and long-term hospitals, which include chronic disease hospitals. Conn. Agencies Reg. 19-13-D1(a). A chronic disease hospital is defined as a "long-term hospital having facilities, medical staff and all necessary personnel for the diagnosis, care and treatment of a wide range of chronic diseases." Conn. Agencies Reg. 19-13-D1(b)(2). The Hospital, which is licensed as a chronic disease hospital, has been providing rehabilitation services appropriately as coming within the definition of a chronic disease hospital.
Generally, "an institution" is required to maintain "a license." Conn.Gen.Stat. 19a-491(a). What the Hospital proposes here is that a single institution, with a single corporate existence, including a single CEO and Board of Directors, be issued two licenses for the same classification. There is no provision in either the statutes or the regulations for a single institution to be issued more than one license in a single classification. Statutes should be construed so as to give effect to the intent of the legislature. State v. Parmalee, 197 Conn. 158, 161, 496 A.2d 186 (1985) (citation omitted); Nationwide Mut. Ins. Co. v. Pasion, 219 Conn. 764, 768-69, 594 A.2d 468 (1991) (citing Sanzone v. Board of Police Commissioners, 219 Conn. 179, 186, 592 A.2d 912 (1991)). "When the words of the statute are plain and unambiguous, we need look no further for interpretive guidance because we assume that the words themselves express the intention of the legislature." Rhodes v. Hartford, 210 Conn. 89, 93, 513 A.2d 124 (1986) (citation omitted).
Here, the statute is clear: a single institution is required to have a single license in a particular classification. There is nothing in either the statutes or the regulations which in any way contemplates a situation in which a single hospital would hold more than one license in the same classification.2 Further, since rehabilitation services would come within a chronic disease hospital license, and since the Hospital already has a chronic disease hospital license, no additional license is required in order for the Hospital to provide such services. There simply is no basis under the State licensing statutes for issuing a second license in the same classification to a single facility whose current license is sufficient for all intended uses.3
Thus, the statutory scheme clearly does not permit the issuance of a second license in the same classification to the same institution.
Very truly yours,
Jennifer C. Jaff
Assistant Attorney General