Attorney General's Opinion
Attorney General, Richard Blumenthal
June 8, 1990
Honorable J. Edward Caldwell
55 Elm Street
Hartford, CT 06106
Dear Mr. Caldwell:
You have asked for our opinion "as to the application of group life insurance to State employees retired under the disability provisions of the State Employees Retirement Act and an employee receiving a disability benefit." Specifically, you have asked the following two questions:
1. A qualified employee may receive a Normal Retirement, Early Retirement or Disability Retirement. Do the provisions of Section 5-257 apply to employees retired in accordance with provisions of Chapter 66?
2. Do the provisions of Section 5-257 apply to employees out of work in accordance with the disability benefits of Chapter 65? If not, does Section 5-257 apply when such permanent disabled employee receives a pension under the State Employee Retirement Act?
As to your first question, we believe the provisions of Conn. Gen. Stat. e 5-257 apply to employees retired in accordance with the provisions of chapter 66 of the General Statutes. With regard to your second question, the provisions of e 5-257 apply to those employees specified in e 5-142(a), amended by 1989 Conn. Pub. Acts 89-82 and e 5-145a, amended by 1989 Conn. Pub. Acts 89-82 who are out of work due to an injury sustained in the performance of their official duties and who receive disability compensation under chapter 65 of the General Statutes.
"The purpose of statutory construction is to ascertain the intent of the legislature." State v. Ellis, 197 Conn. 436, 445, 497 A.2d 974 (1985). The intent of the legislature is expressed in the language it uses so the proper place to begin in construing a statute is with the language of the statute itself. Id. at 445; Baston v. Ricci, 174 Conn. 522, 528, 391 A.2d 161 (1978).
All employees in active state service are provided the option of purchasing personal life insurance coverage under a group life insurance policy procured by the Comptroller pursuant to the authority of Conn. Gen. Stat. e 5-257(a).1 Subsection (d) of e5-257 provides:
(d) The insurance of any employee insured under this section shall cease on termination of employment, and of any member of the general assembly at the end of his term of office, subject to any conversion privilege provided in the group life insurance policy or policies. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this section, the amounts of life insurance of insured employees retired in accordance with any retirement plan for state employees shall be as follows: ... In no case shall a retired employee be required to contribute to the cost of any such reduced insurance....
Section 5-257(d) states that employees who were insured under e 5-257 and who "retired in accordance with any retirement plan for state employees" shall have life insurance coverage in the amounts specified therein. Chapter 66 of the General Statutes is the State Employees Retirement Act. Conn. Gen. Stat. e 5-152. This chapter includes, inter alia, the State's basic retirement plan. See Conn. Gen. Stat. e 5-160 to 5-172a, inclusive. Sections 5-169 and 5-192p also make provision for disability retirement payments to members of the respective Tier I and Tier II plans of the state employees retirement system who while in state service, become permanently disabled from continuing to render the service in which they have been employed.
Since chapter 66 establishes a retirement plan for state employees, it is clear that such plan is contemplated within the meaning of e 5-257(d). Thus, the provisions of e 5-257 apply to employees retired in accordance with the provisions of chapter 66.
You have also asked whether the provisions of e 5-257 apply to employees who are collecting disability benefits in accordance with chapter 65 of the General Statutes. Chapter 65 establishes rights to and procedures for the administration of disability compensation and death benefits to specified employees, including so-called hazardous duty personnel, who sustain injury while in the actual performance of their duties. See generally Conn. Gen. Stat. ee 5-142, as amended by 1989 Conn. Pub. Acts 89-82, and 5-145a, as amended by 1989 Conn. Pub. Acts 89-82.
Section 5-142(a), as amended, provides in part:
...If total incapacity results from such injury such person shall be removed from the active payroll the first day of incapacity, exclusive of the day of injury, and placed on an inactive payroll. He shall continue to receive the full salary which he was receiving at the time of injury subject to all salary_benefits of_active_employees, including annual increments, and all salary adjustments, including salary deductions required in the case of active employees, for a period of two hundred sixty weeks from the date of the beginning of such incapacity. Thereafter, such person shall be removed from the payroll and shall receive compensation at the rate of fifty per cent of the salary which he was receiving at the expiration of said two hundred sixty weeks so long as he remains so disabled.... All other provisions of the workers' compensation law not inconsistent herewith, including the specific indemnities and provisions for hearing and appeal, shall be available to any such state employee or the dependents of such a deceased employee.
The foregoing provision grants all salary benefits and deductions which normally pertain to all active employees to employees who receive disability compensation under chapter 65 during the first two hundred sixty weeks of their disability. As noted above, all employees in active state service may exercise their option to enroll in the state's group life insurance plan established under e 5-257(a). Payment of the employee's share of the premium for coverage under such plan must be made by payroll deduction.2 It is clear that participation in the State's life insurance program is a salary benefit available to active employees. Hence, the insurance benefits under e 5-257 are applicable to employees compensated under e 5-142(a).
Furthermore, e 5-142(a) expressly provides that all other provisions of the workers' compensation law not inconsistent with it shall apply to any state employee who is within the purview of this statute.3 Conn. Gen. Stat. e 31-284b(a), a provision of the workers' compensation act, expressly requires employers4 to provide equivalent life insurance coverage for employees who receive compensation under a provision for sick leave payments for time lost due to an employment-related injury. This provision states:
(a) In order to maintain, as nearly as possible, the income of employees who suffer employment-related injuries, any employer, as defined in section 31-275, who provides accident and health insurance or life insurance coverage for any employee or makes payments or contributions at the regular hourly or weekly rate for full-time employees to an employee welfare fund, as defined in section 31-53, shall provide to such employee equivalent insurance coverage or welfare fund payments or contributions while the employee is eligible to receive or is receiving workers' compensation payments pursuant to this chapter, or while the employee is receiving wages under a provision for sick
leave payments for time lost due to an employment-related injury.
Under Conn. Gen. Stat. ee 5-142 and 5-145a an employee is placed on the inactive payroll as the result of a work related disability and continues to receive full salary although not working; these payments clearly fall within the intent of Conn. Gen. Stat. e 31-284b(a) which refers to "a provision for sick leave payments for time lost due to an employment related injury." Thus, on its face the requirement for the provision of life insurance coverage under Conn. Gen. Stat. e 31-284b(a) applies to employees receiving disability compensation under ee5-142 and 5-145a and is clearly consistent with the terms of those statutes. Therefore, we conclude that the life insurance provisions of e 5-257 for active state employees apply to those inactive employees receiving disability compensation under chapter 65 of the General Statutes.
Lastly, you ask whether e 5-257 applies to permanently disabled employees who retire under chapter 66. Although you ask us to answer this question only if our answer to the immediately preceding question were negative, we will provide you with our opinion on this final issue. Chapter 66 contemplates and addresses disability retirement for employees receiving disability compensation under e 5-142. Section 5-169(i), as amended by 1989 Conn. Pub. Acts 89-52 states in part:
(i) If a member qualifies for disability compensation under section 5-142, such member shall continue to be credited with service hereunder, and shall not be deemed to have retired until he elects to retire. While the member is receiving compensation under section 5-142, the disability retirement benefits under this section shall be payable only if greater than the compensation paid under section 5-142. In such event, the benefits under this section shall be temporarily reduced by the amount of benefits payable under section 5-142 for the period of receipt of benefits under section 5-142....
In other words, employees who are compensated under e 5-142 of chapter 65 may retire under chapter 66, provided they meet all of the requirements for such retirement.
As stated in part I of this opinion, e 5-257 applies to all employees insured under said statute who retire under chapter 66. In short, e 5-257 will also apply when inactive employees who are receiving compensation under e 5-142 retire under chapter 66.
We trust the foregoing answers your questions.
Very truly yours,
CLARINE NARDI RIDDLE
William J. Prensky
Assistant Attorney General
1 Section 5-257(a) specifies: "Each employee in active state service shall be eligible for insurance under this section, provided he shall have completed more than six months' continuous state service, and each member of the general assembly shall be eligible for insurance under this section, six months after taking office."
2 Section 5-257(c) provides:
(c) Each employee and each member of the general assembly insured under subsection (b) of this section shall contribute to the cost of the life insurance a sum equal to twenty cents biweekly for each thousand dollars of life insurance. The state comptroller shall deduct such amount from the employees' or members' pay and shall pay the premiums on such policy or policies. Any other refunds or rate credits shall inure to the benefit of the state and shall be applied to the cost of such insurance.
3 We note there is a similar provision in e 5-142(b) which applies to state employees disabled during the performance of their duties as a result of contact with persons or animals afflicted with any communicable disease or organisms producing any communicable disease. The following discussion in the text also applies to those employees receiving compensation under e 5-142(b).
4 Section 31-275(6) defines "employer" to include the State.