Commercial Arborist License
3/11/2021, E-License, a new online licensing service is now live and accepting applications for Pesticide Supervisors in the Arborist category. If you already have a Connecticut pesticide certification please contact us by email for your login information. If you do not already have an account follow the instructions below, please read carefully.
An arborist license is required for persons advertising, soliciting or contracting to do arboriculture in Connecticut. As defined in the arborist law, “arboriculture means any work done for hire to improve the condition of fruit, shade, or ornamental trees by feeding or fertilizing, or by pruning, trimming, bracing, treating cavities or other methods of improving tree conditions, or protecting trees from damage from insects or diseases or curing these conditions by spraying or any other method.” The licensed arborist is a supervisory pesticide applicator, with respect to the use of pesticides. For all intents and purposes “certificate” means “license.”
- Multiple choice
- Need to be taken and passed a minimum of 3 weeks prior to desired oral exam date. Preferably more than a month before.
- Failure will require a $200 retest fee
- After passing the written exam
- Exam takes place at The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station in New Haven on a separate date.
- First part is tree identification, you must pass that to continue onto the practical oral exam on the same day.
- If an applicant fails the oral exam they will be given one additional attempt before having to retake the written exam.
Upcoming Oral Dates:
- September 14, 2022
- December 14, 2022
- March 8, 2023
- June 14, 2023
- September 13, 2023
- December 13, 2023
Oral Exam Locations:
June and September: Lockwood Farm, 890 Evergreen Ave, Hamden, CT 06518
- Gather in the pavilion, ID portion will start at 8:30am
March and December: CAES, 123 Huntington Street, New Haven, CT 06511
- Gather in the Jones Auditorium, ID portion will start at 8:30am
The applicant for a license is expected to possess a working knowledge of basic tree biology, the kinds of operations performed by an arborist, pesticide safety, the field of arboriculture and the diagnosis and control of specific diseases, insects and disorders of trees and the reasons for performing them. Outlined below are areas in which an applicant should be proficient.
Additionally, please review the Arborist Examination Reference Materials. These materials may be useful in preparing for the arborist license exam.
Outlined below are responses to some questions which have arisen concerning what activities are permitted through the structural (General Pest, etc.) and outdoor (Ornamental and Turf) certifications and the arborist license.
- Generally, any pesticide application indoors belongs with the structural certifications. Controlling pests on plants indoors will be permitted with the interior plantscape certification.
- Outdoor pesticide applications with a structural certification would be permitted in situations such as:
- for termite or rodent control if the applicator holds a termite or rodent certification;
- for control of structural pests that enter from outside, such as clover mites or earwigs, on the outside foundation of the house and on grass in the immediate vicinity of the foundation; and
- for wasps if the nest is in the immediate vicinity of the house.
- Outdoor pesticide applications with a structural certification would not be permitted for insects that are only casually a pest indoors. For example:
- if a heavy flight of aphids is bothersome to people on a porch, a structural certificate holder would not be allowed to spray the plants in the yard from which the aphids came; or
- if wood roaches are coming to lights on a porch, a structural certificate holder would not be allowed to treat outside areas.
- The ornamental and turf certificate holder could also:
- spray for clover mites or earwigs on the outside foundation of the house, but not within the house;
- spray for ticks outdoors; and
- control Canada geese on a lawn using general use repellents.
The division between the arborist license and the ornamental and turf certification is as follows:
A tree is defined as a single stem plant which at maturity reaches more than 5 meters high. The application of a pesticide to anything matching this description can be treated by the arborist.
Generally, any plants that can be reached from the ground with hand operated equipment (not a backpack mist blower) can be treated by the ornamental and turf applicator.
The Connecticut Pesticide Control Act states that the arborist is to treat fruit trees. If a dwarf fruit tree (e.g. crabapple) is used primarily as a small ornamental then either may treat. If the dwarf trees are used for edible fruit production or are in an orchard, they are to be treated by the arborist.
If an uncertified nurseryman plants a shrub or trees on a customer’s property, he may treat that plant to protect his guarantee, if the guarantee is included in the original price of the plant, he may not charge an additional fee for this service.
- If there are dogwood borers in some shrubby dogwoods, who would be permitted to treat? The borer could be treated by either the arborist or ornamental and turf applicator in the course of his other work about the yard.
- If hemlocks are pruned into a hedge, who would be permitted to treat? This would be within the province of the ornamental and turf certification.
Identification, Diagnosis and Tree Biology
The applicant should:
- be able to identify all common trees found in the region in their summer and winter condition, including but not limited to, those listed below;
- know the normal healthy form of the tree, and its appearance and rate of growth under normal and abnormal conditions;
- know the suitability of trees to different sites;
- know the factors involved in maintaining tree health and appearance and how to anticipate and control or prevent damage from various causes;
- understand the functions of the various parts of the tree, such as leaves, bark, wood, roots, etc. and be able to determine if these functions are being properly performed;
- recognize the symptoms and causal agents responsible for injuries, abnormalities and weaknesses, including, but not limited to, those listed below; and
- know the relative susceptibility of different tree species to injurious agents.
|Common Trees Found in the Region||Variety of Common Trees Found in the Region|
|Birch (Betula)||Black / Sweet
Paper / White
|Gum (Nyssa)||Black / Sour|
White / Butternut
|Hemlock (Tsuga)||Eastern / Canadian
|Spruce (Picea)||Colorado Blue
|Type of Insects||Variety of Insects|
|Aphids and Adelgids||
Cooley spruce gall adelgid
|Bark Beetle and Borers||
Black vine weevil
|Caterpillars and Loopers||
Arborvitae leaf miner
Spruce spider mite
Beech bark scale
|Branch and Stem Canker Diseases||
Beech Bark Disease
|Blight and Dieback Diseases||
Armillaria Root Rot (formerly Shoestring Root Rot)
|Physiological Disorders, Nonparasitic and Miscellaneous Biotic Injuries|
|Animal, Bird injuries|
|Ice, snow, wind injury|
|Misapplication of chemicals Moisture extremes|
|Natural gas, soil pollutants|
|Nutrient deficiencies & toxicities|
|Soil compaction, grade changes|
|New Exotic Pests Recently Introduced in the United States of America|
|Asian Longhhorned Beetle|
|Emerald Ash Borer|
|Sudden Oak Death|
|Note: Although not found in Connecticut yet, the applicant should have a general awareness of these serious pests|
The applicant should be able to determine and perform the correct and proper treatment to improve the conditions of any tree. The applicant should know the currently accepted standard practices of arboriculture. This requires knowledge of:
Tree surgery. The applicant should know the currently accepted standard practices for pruning, bracing, cabling, treating cavities, treatment of girdling roots and other disorders. The applicant should know the tools used for treatment, as well as the strength of such materials as synthetic fiber ropes, steel cable, eyebolts and lag hooks.
Tree nutrition. The applicant should know the essential chemical elements for tree growth and survival, whether they are obtained from the air or soil, how the tree takes them up, those that are likely to be deficient and the factors affecting deficiencies. Knowledge of tree fertilization is also required, including how to determine deficiencies of essential elements and how, when, and in what amounts to apply treatments if needed. The applicant should know the significance of soil pH; how it affects nutrient availability and tree growth and how to modify pH in the soil if necessary. The applicant should have a basic understanding of the association of mycorrhizae fungi with tree roots.
Control of insects, diseases and disorders. The applicant should know precisely when and how to control and treat the insects, diseases and disorders listed in the above tables. When pesticides are to be applied, an applicant should know the proper use and type of material to use consistent with state and federal pesticide laws. An applicant must know the basic safety and handling rules for pesticide use contained in the Pesticide Applicator Training Manual, as well as restrictions on pesticide use imposed by the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP). The applicant should know the basic principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and how to apply these principles to plant health care in arboriculture.
- safety rules to be followed in tree work to protect workers, the public, and the environment;
- how to recognize electrical hazards and what safe working distances are from them;
- types of insurance that protect tree workers, the public, property and the environment; and
- Connecticut laws and regulations pertaining to arboriculture and commercial pesticide application.
- NEW! Effective October 1, 2013, Arborists are require to register their business. The Pesticide Application Business Registration now includes registration for arborist businesses. The Arborist or Pesticide Application Business Registration Form is available in two formats: PDF and Word form.
The arborist license authorizes the application of fungicides, insecticides, miticides and tree growth regulators to fruit, shade and ornamental trees only. Additional certification is required for commercial application of pesticides to control diseases, weeds, insects and related pests, in turf, ornamental shrubs, or any other crop or site. For example: ornamental and turf certification (category 3a) is required for tick applications; right-of-way certification (category 6) is required for control of brush and weeds along roadsides or right-of-ways; aquatic pest control (category 5) is required for control of vegetation in any water bodies within the state.
Useful Phone Contacts
Poison Control Center: 1-800-222-1222
DEEP 24-hour Emergency Spill Reporting: (860) 424-3338
Sample Examination Questions
1. An arborist license is necessary to do which of the following for hire?
2. What are objectives of pruning tall shade trees?
3. Which of the following would likely cause a tree to become more sickly over a period of years, to produce smaller leaves and an open crown? The trunk is without basal flare but soil moisture is adequate to sustain the tree.
4. The numbers such as 5-10-10 or 10-6-4 on the analysis label of a fertilizer bag indicate
5. Cedar Apple Rust attacks
6. Cedar Apple Rust appearance:
7. Cedar Apple Rust treatment:
8. Cedar Apple Rust when:
For further information please contact the Pesticide Management Program at (860) 424-3369 or email@example.com or write to:
Department of Energy and Environmental Protection
Bureau of Materials Management and Compliance Assurance
Pesticide Management Program
79 Elm Street
Hartford, CT 06106-5127
Content Last Updated on June 8, 2022