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Property Transfer Program
An Environmental Program Fact Sheet

Program Overview 
Authorizing Statutes  
Guidance 
Who Must Comply? 
Required Documents 
LEP or DEEP Oversight? 
Fees 
Program Procedures 

Program Overview

The Property Transfer Program, administered by the Remediation Division of the Bureau of Water Protection and Land Reuse, requires the disclosure of environmental conditions when certain real properties and/or businesses ("establishments") are transferred. When an establishment is transferred, one of eight Property Transfer Forms must be executed, and a copy of the form must be filed with the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection.  When transferring an establishment where there has been a release of a hazardous waste or a hazardous substance, the parties negotiate who will sign the Property Transfer Form as the Certifying Party to investigate the parcel and remediate pollution caused by any release of a hazardous waste or hazardous substance from the establishment.

It is important to note that in all transfers, an investigation of the parcel is required in accordance with prevailing standards and guidelines.  When transferring a business that meets the definition of an establishment, any pollution caused by any release of a hazardous waste or a hazardous substance from the business operation must be considered to determine the appropriate form to file.  One of four forms must be filed for the transfer of a business.

When transferring real estate that meets the definition of an establishment, the environmental condition of the entire parcel needs to be evaluated to determine the appropriate form to file. One of four forms must be filed for the transfer of real estate.

Authorizing Statutes

Sections 22a-134 through 22a-134e of the Connecticut General Statutes (CGS) are commonly known as "the property transfer law."

Guidance

The Department has issued a final Site Characterization Guidance Document (SCGD) effective September 1, 2007. The SCGD describes the Department's expectations for the standard of care to be exercised by environmental professionals responsible for designing, conducting, and documenting site investigations and by anyone required by law to conduct an investigation of a property in accordance with prevailing standards and guidelines.

Who Must Comply?

Whenever an establishment is transferred, the parties involved in the transfer must comply with the property transfer law. You should carefully review the definitions in CGS Section 22a-134, particularly the definitions of "establishment" and "transfer of establishment," to accurately determine the applicability of the property transfer law to the subject transaction. A transfer generally refers to any change in ownership of the real property and/or business, which meets the definition of establishment.

Establishment means any real property at which or any business operation from which:

(A) on or after November 19, 1980, there was generated, except as the result of remediation of polluted soil, groundwater, or sediment, more than one hundred kilograms of hazardous waste in any one month;

(B) hazardous waste generated at a different location was recycled, reclaimed, reused, stored, handled, treated, transported, or disposed of;

(C) the process of dry cleaning was conducted on or after May 1, 1967;

(D) furniture stripping was conducted on or after May 1, 1967; or

(E) a vehicle body repair facility was located on or after May 1, 1967.

Effective October 1, 2019, "Establishment" does not include any business operation from which more than one hundred kilograms of hazardous waste was generated in any one month solely as a result of either:

(i) The one-time generation of hazardous waste in any one month, as a result of either the first time such waste was generated or such a one-time generation since the last time a Form I, Form II, Form III or Form IV was required to be submitted; or

(ii) One or more of the following:

(I) Remediation of polluted soil, groundwater or sediment;

(II) The removal or abatement of building materials or removal of materials used for maintaining or operating a building;

(III) The removal of unused chemicals or materials as a result of the emptying or clearing out of a building, provided such removal is supported by facts reasonably established at the time of such removal; or

(IV) The complete cessation of a business operation, provided the waste is removed not later than ninety days after such cessation and such cessation is supported by facts reasonably established at the time of such cessation.

Required Documents

Property Transfer Forms (Forms I, II, III, IV, Environmental Condition Assessment Form (ECAF), verification forms, and LEP approval forms ) are provided by the Property Transfer Program. The filing must be on a form prescribed by the Commissioner.

Form I - Complete a Property Transfer Program - Form I (DEEP-PTP-FORM-1) when an investigation of the parcel has been conducted in accordance with prevailing standards and guidelines and no release of hazardous waste or a hazardous substance has occurred at the establishment being transferred; or when no release of a hazardous waste has occurred at the establishment and a Licensed Environmental Professional (LEP) has verified that any release of a hazardous substance has been remediated in accordance with the Remediation Standard Regulations (RSRs). Any person submitting a Form I shall simultaneously submit an ECAF.
 
Form II - Complete a Property Transfer Program - Form II (DEEP-PTP-FORM-2) when an investigation of the parcel has been conducted in accordance with prevailing standards and guidelines and a release of hazardous waste or a hazardous substance has occurred at the establishment, but the Commissioner has approved in writing or a LEP has verified pursuant to CGS Sections 22a-133x, 22a-133y, or 22a-134a that any pollution from the establishment has been remediated in accordance with the RSRs. Written documentation of the Commissioner's approval or written LEP verification must accompany the submission of the Form II.
 
Form III - Complete a Property Transfer Program - Form III (DEEP-PTP--FORM-3) when the environmental conditions at the establishment are unknown, or a release of hazardous waste or a hazardous substance has occurred at the establishment and any pollution from the establishment has not been remediated in accordance with the RSRs. The party signing the Form III certification agrees to investigate the parcel and remediate pollution caused by any release of a hazardous waste or a hazardous substance from the establishment in accordance with the RSRs. The statute does not require completion of remediation before the establishment is transferred. Any person submitting a Form III shall simultaneously submit a completed ECAF.
 
Form IV - Complete a Property Transfer Program - Form IV (DEEP-PTP--FORM-4) when an investigation of the establishment has been completed in accordance with prevailing standards and guidelines, there has been a release of hazardous waste or a hazardous substance at the establishment, and a LEP has verified that all actions to remediate any pollution from the establishment have been taken in accordance with the RSRs except natural attenuation monitoring, post-remediation groundwater monitoring, or the recording of an Environmental Land Use Restriction. The party signing the Form IV certification agrees to conduct natural attenuation monitoring and/or post-remediation monitoring in accordance with the RSRs. Any person submitting a Form IV shall simultaneously submit a completed ECAF, a schedule for groundwater monitoring, and the recording of an Environmental Land Use Restriction, as applicable, and a verification rendered by a LEP to support the filing of the Form IV. There verification must be submitted on a form prescribed by the Commissioner.
 
ECAF - The Environmental Condition Assessment Form  [Instructions] is a form prescribed by the Commissioner that defines the environmental conditions at the parcel, that is prepared under the supervision of a LEP, and that is executed by the Certifying Party as defined pursuant to CGS Section 22a-134(6). The most recent version of the ECAF must be used. An ECAF must be submitted simultaneously with the filing of a Form I, III, or IV in order for the filing to be considered complete. Upon receipt of a complete Form III or IV filing, the Department evaluates the information presented in the ECAF and considers the environmental conditions of the parcel, potential risk to human health, and sensitivity of the surrounding land uses to determine if the Department or a LEP shall oversee the investigation and remediation of the parcel.

LEP or DEEP Oversight?

Upon receipt of the Department's letter notifying the Certifying Party that a Form III filing is complete, oversight of the investigation and remediation of the parcel is automatically delegated to a LEP, unless the Department notifies the Certifying Party that review and approval of the investigation and remediation by the Department is required.
 
LEP Lead Oversight - Complete Investigation Within 2 Years
Not later than two years from the date of the Department's letter acknowledging a complete Form III, the Certifying Party must provide documentation signed by the LEP to the Commissioner that the investigation of the establishment has been completed in accordance with prevailing standards and guidelines. The final site investigation report must be submitted under cover of the Department's Completion of Investigation Transmittal Form [Instructions].
 
LEP Lead Oversight - Initiation of Remediation Within 3 Years
Not later than three years from the date of the Department's letter acknowledging a complete Form III, the Certifying Party must initiate remediation of the establishment and must provide documentation to the Commissioner that remediation has been initiated. Prior to initiating remediation, public notice of remediation must be provided. A Remedial Action Plan (RAP) approved by a LEP must be submitted under cover of the Department’s Remedial Action Plan Transmittal Form [Instructions].
 
LEP Lead Oversight - Complete Remediation Within 8 Years
Not later than eight years from the date of the Department's letter acknowledging a complete Form III (filed after October, 1, 2009), the Certifying Party must complete remediation to support a LEP final verification or interim verification.
 
DEEP Oversight - If the Department notifies the Certifying Party that review and approval of the investigation and remediation by the Department is required, the Certifying Party must submit a proposed schedule for investigating the parcel and remediating the establishment for the Department's review and written approval.  Upon approval of the schedule, the Certifying Party shall submit scopes of work, investigation report(s), remedial action plans and other technical plans and reports in accordance with the approved schedule and provide public notice of the remediation prior to initiating remediation.  The Department may at any time notify the Certifying Party in writing that it is delegating oversight to a LEP.

Fees

Fees must be accompanied by a Property Transfer Fee Payment Form.
 
Form I filing fee is $375.00, and is due in full upon filing.
 
Form II filing fee is $1,300.00, except when a site was remediated pursuant to CGS section 22a-133x and the Commissioner approved a cleanup within three years of the transfer, in which case the fee is the same as for a Form III pursuant to CGS section 22a-134e(n). The appropriate Form II fee is due in full upon filing.
 
Form III filing fees
Initial fee due upon filing is $3,000.00.
 
Form III total filing fee is dependent on whether the Department or a LEP approves the cleanup. If a LEP verifies the cleanup, no subsequent fee is due.
 
If the Commissioner approves the cleanup, the subsequent fee is based on the cost of cleanup (COC) and is due prior to the Commissioner's issuance of a final approval of the investigation and remediation.
 
$    250 if COC is < $ 25,000
$ 1,750 if COC is > $ 25,000 and < $ 50,000
$ 4,000 if COC is > $ 50,000 and < $ 100,000
$18,250 if COC is > $ 100,000 and < $ 500,000
$27,250 if COC is > $ 500,000 and < $1,000,000
$31,750 if COC is > $1,000,000
 
Form IV filing fees
Initial fee due upon filing is $3,000.00.
 
Form IV total filing fee is dependent on whether the Department or a LEP approves the cleanup. If a LEP verifies the cleanup, no subsequent fee is due.
 
If the Commissioner approves the cleanup,, the subsequent fee for a Form IV is based on the total COC and is due prior to the Commissioner's issuance of final approval of the remediation.
 
$    250 if COC is < $ 50,000
$    625 if COC is > $ 50,000 and < $ 100,000
$ 7,750 if COC is > $ 100,000 and < $ 500,000
$12,250 if COC is > $ 500,000 and < $1,000,000
$14,550 if COC is > $1,000,000
 
Fees accompanied by a Property Transfer Fee Payment Form should be mailed or hand delivered to:
CENTRAL PERMIT PROCESSING UNIT, 1st FLOOR
DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
79 ELM STREET
HARTFORD, CT 06106-5127
 All Forms I, II, III, and IV, ECAFs, a copy of the Property Transfer Fee Form, and any supporting documents should be uploaded to the Connecticut Secure File Transfer (SFT) website (https://sft.ct.gov) with the Electronic Document Transmittal Form as the cover page.

Program Procedures

Within 90 days of receipt of a Form I or Form II, the Commissioner shall notify the transferor whether the Form I or Form II is complete or incomplete.  
 
Within 30 days of receipt of a Form III or Form IV, the Commissioner shall notify the Certifying Party whether the form is complete or incomplete.
 
Effective July 1, 2007, the Certifying Party shall use a LEP to oversee investigation of the parcel in accordance with prevailing standards and guidelines and remediation of the establishment in accordance with the RSRs, unless the Commissioner notifies the certifying party in writing that review and approval of the investigation and remediation by the Commissioner is required.
 
The Property Transfer Program process is also available in a flow chart format. The flow chart presents a generalized overview of the procedures and decisions associated with the Property Transfer Program. It does not reflect all decisions and processes associated with this program.
This overview is designed to answer general questions and provide basic information. You should refer to the appropriate statutes for the specific language. It is your responsibility to comply with all applicable laws. The information contained in this fact sheet is intended only to acquaint you with the property transfer program and does not constitute the Department's interpretation of the applicable laws.
Fact Sheet: DEP-PTP-FS-200

Property Transfer Program 

Content Last Updated July 22, 2021