Malaria is spread to people through the bite of infected mosquitoes. This disease, caused by a parasite, is not spread in the United States; however, residents can acquire the disease by traveling to foreign endemic areas. It is found in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and parts of Central and South America. In Connecticut, surveillance is conducted to identify travel-related cases. Treatment is available and is dependent on symptoms and the species of the malaria parasite causing the illness. Although there is medication to help prevent infection with malaria, the best way to prevent getting sick is to prevent mosquito bites.
Information for Clinicians
Diagnosis & Treatment in the United States
National Surveillance Case Definition
Connecticut Provider Reporting Information
Connecticut Laboratory Reporting Information
Directory of Clinical Testing Services provided by the State Public Health Laboratory
State Public Health Laboratory Contacts – for additional information
Connecticut Malaria Surveillance
In Connecticut, malaria has been a state-wide reportable disease for over three decades. In Connecticut, surveillance is conducted to identify travel-related cases and contributes to national surveillance. During 2010 - 2018, an average of 17 cases (range 12 to 22) have been reported to the Connecticut Department of Public Health annually.
Connecticut Annual Infectious Diseases Statistics
Page last updated 9/9/2020.