Before Extreme Heat
- Prepare an emergency kit.
- Weather-strip doors and sills to keep cool air in.
- Listen to local news and stay aware of upcoming heat waves.
- Get trained in first aid to learn how to treat heat-related illness.
- Be aware of local cooling stations in case you need to leave your home.
- Keep gas tank at least half full in case you need to leave your home for a shelter.
During Extreme Heat
- Watch for symptoms of heat illness.
- Heavy sweating
- Muscle cramps
- Weak but rapid pulse
- People with these symptoms should find shade, drink water slowly, and make sure there is good ventilation.
- Stay in an air-conditioned area, either at home or in a public place such as a mall, library, or recreation center.
- If air conditioning is not available, pull the shades over the windows and use cross-ventilation and fans to cool rooms.
- Never leave infants, children, or pets inside a parked vehicle.
- Increase fluid intake.
- Limit exercise or outdoor activity between the hours of 11 am and 3 pm.
- Follow instructions from local emergency and utility officials regarding water use restrictions.
- Be particularly aware of dry vegetation near buildings, as it could be fuel for a brush fire that could spread to structures.
- Farmers should make sure that livestock and horses have access to drinking water and consider irrigations, if possible, for crops.