Environmental Engineering - Subsurface Sewage
An estimated 40% of Connecticut residents, close to 1.5 million people, live in homes served by on-site sewage systems. The vast majority of these sewage systems are conventional septic systems that are under the jurisdiction of the Local Directors of Health, and are the primary means of sewage disposal in rural and low density suburban areas. Septic systems also serve apartment buildings, schools, restaurants, and other commercial buildings in non-urban areas.
Septic systems that are properly designed, installed, and maintained provide a safe and efficient way of disposing domestic sewage. However, when sewage is discharged to antiquated or substandard sewage systems, such as cesspools, renovation of the wastewater by the soil may be incomplete. Sewage contains pathogens (disease causing organisms) and if improperly disposed may result in health hazards and nuisance conditions.
Each year a week in September is chosen to highlight proper maintenance and care of septic systems. Not everyone has one, but if you do, maintenance is key to ensure a properly functioning septic system.
Click on the SepticSmart icon below for more information.
Septic systems on sites with design flows of 7,500* gallons per day (GPD) and less are permitted by the Local Director Health. Additionally, plans for large septic systems serving buildings with design flows of 2,000 to 7,500 GPD must be approved by the CT Department of Public Health. Septic systems, defined as subsurface sewage disposal systems, are regulated by Public Health Code (PHC) Section 19-13-B103 and the associated Technical Standards for Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems (Technical Standards). Local Health Department contact information. Septic systems on sites with design flows exceeding 7,500 GPD, alternative sewage disposal systems, and community sewage systems are permitted by the CT Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (CTDEEP).
*See Circular Letter 2017-17 that concerns new legislation (Public Act 17-146, Section 30) that affected subsurface sewage disposal system jurisdiction.
Additional Online Resources:
- Connecticut Public Health Code - Section 19-13-B100a Building Conversions and Additions
- Technical Standards 2018
- Appendix C: Approved Filter Fabric 8/15/19
- Appendix B: Approved Septic Tank Effluent Filters 5/19/2022
- Technical Standards 2015 Sewage Tank Access (See Circular Letter 2015-29 Tank Covers, Risers & Safety Devices)
- Sewage System Installer and Cleaner Statutes
Design Manual - Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems for Households and Small Commercial Buildings:
All applications are for Local Health Department use only.
We encourage electronic completion and submission utilizing the Electronic Form (eform) including scanned supporting documentation. Please see Circular Letter 2011-70 Water Supply Well Separation Distance Exceptions and/or Circular Letter 2012-42 Central System Exceptions in the Environmental Engineering section under Environmental Health Section-Publications for additional requirements.
Central System Exception
If you have trouble opening a document, please try a different browser such as Firefox or Chrome.
- Subsurface Sewage Disposal System Certification Course
- Circular Letter 2021-45 Subsurface Sewage Disposal Training Fall 2021
- Phase I Handouts
MLSS Training (2016 Minimum Leaching System Spread PowerPoint)
Water Treatment Wastewater Technical Standards (includes new requirements for the disposal of water treatment wastewater)
Home Buyers Guide - What a Purchaser Should Know Before Buying a Home Served by a Septic System
CAC Agenda 4/29/2021
Submitted Comments 2022 Technical Standards Revision
- McCammon CEHA 8/27/2020
- Dandelion 2/11/2021
- Calkins 4/20/21
- Laudano 6/10/2021 and 8/25/2021
- Geomatrix 6/14/2021
- Harding CEHA 8/11/2021
- Home Builders and Remodelers 8/13/2021
- TVC Energy 8/19/2021
- Living Filter Berg 9/26/2021
Historic CAC Meeting Agendas: