Environmental Engineering - Subsurface Sewage

An estimated 40% of Connecticut residents, close to 1.5 million people, live in homes served by on-site sewage systems. The vast majority of these sewage systems are conventional septic systems that are under the jurisdiction of the Local Directors of Health, and are the primary means of sewage disposal in rural and low density suburban areas. Septic systems also serve apartment buildings, schools, restaurants, and other commercial buildings in non-urban areas. 

Septic systems that are properly designed, installed, and maintained provide a safe and efficient way of disposing domestic sewage.  However, when sewage is discharged to antiquated or substandard sewage systems, such as cesspools, renovation of the wastewater by the soil may be incomplete.  Sewage contains pathogens (disease causing organisms) and if improperly disposed may result in health hazards and nuisance conditions.

Septic systems on sites with design flows of 7,500* gallons per day (GPD) and less are permitted by the Local Director Health.  Additionally, plans for large septic systems serving buildings with design flows of 2,000 to 7,500 GPD must be approved by the CT Department of Public Health.  Septic systems, defined as subsurface sewage disposal systems, are regulated by Public Health Code (PHC) Section 19-13-B103 and the associated Technical Standards for Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems (Technical Standards). Local Health Department contact information.  Septic systems on sites with design flows exceeding 7,500 GPD, alternative sewage disposal systems, and community sewage systems are permitted by the CT Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (CTDEEP).


* See Circular Letter 2017-17 that concerns new legislation (Public Act 17-146, Section 30) that affected subsurface sewage disposal system jurisdiction. **NEW**



Statutes, Regulations and Technical Standards for Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems

Design Manual - Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems for Households and Small Commercial Buildings:

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Historical Technical Standards


Exception Applications - All applications are for Local Health Department use only.  

We encourage electronic completion and submission utilizing the Electronic Form (eform) including scanned supporting documentation.  Please see Circular Letter 2011-70 Water Supply Well Separation Distance Exceptions and/or Circular Letter 2012-42 Central System Exceptions in the Environmental Engineering section underEnvironmental Health Section-Publications for additional requirements.  




Water Treatment Wastewater (WTW)  NEW     


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Financial Assistance Programs

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Inspections of Existing Septic Systems

Manufactured Select Fill 

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New Product Approvals           

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DPH Code Advisory Committee (CAC)



Installer/Cleaner Exam Information