Keep Yourself Safe from Germs

woman sneeze in arm
What are germs?
• Germs are tiny living things.
• Germs are too small to see with your eyes.
• Germs live everywhere. 
For example, germs live:
• In the air
• On food
• In water
• In your own body


Germs can make you sick
  • Most germs will not harm you.
  • But, sometimes germs can make you sick.
  • For example, germs can cause a cold or the flu.
  • You can avoid germs that make you sick.

Sometimes you can get germs from someone else if:

  • They cough or sneeze near you
  • You touch:
  • Someone who is sick
  • Something that a sick person has touched
  • Anyone can get sick from germs.

Keep germs away by staying clean.

  • Take a shower or bath every day.
  • Wash your hair.
  • Brush and floss your teeth.
  • Keep your clothes clean.
  • Keep your house clean.

washing handsWash your hands before you:

  • Cook food or eat
  • Put a Band-Aid on a cut
  • Help someone who is sick

Wash your hands after you:

  • Cough, sneeze, or blow your nose
  • Touch animals
  • Clean the house or take out the garbage
  • Help someone who is sick

Learn how to wash your hands.

Cook safely

  • Wash your hands.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables before you eat them.
  • Wash the counter where you get food ready.

Do not eat food that is rotten.

  • Do not put defrosted food back in the freezer.
  • Throw away food that you think is bad.
  • Learn more about when food goes bad.

Do not give your germs to someone else.

  • If you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose.
  • Use a tissue or your upper arm.
  • Wash your hands right after a cough or sneeze
  • Do not share:
    • Spoons, forks, cups
    • Towels, tooth brushes, razors, or make-up

When you are sick:

  • Try to stay away from other people
  • Get plenty of rest

Learn more about how to stay away from germs: