Tularemia is a rare disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis. It can be spread to people through the bite of an infected American Dog Tick (Dermacentor variabilis) or Lone Star tick (Amblyomma americanum), the bite of an infected deer fly, or contact with tissues of an infected animal. Treatment is available and is dependent on the signs and symptoms. There are several forms of infection. The most common form causes a skin ulcer at the site where bacteria entered the body. Tularemia is on the list of potential bioterrorism pathogens. The best way to prevent tularemia is to prevent tick bites.
Information for Clinicians
Connecticut Provider Reporting Information – Category 1 disease, call DPH to report
Directory of Clinical Testing Services provided by the State Public Health Laboratory
State Public Health Laboratory Contacts – for additional information
Tick-borne Diseases of the United States – a Reference Manual for Healthcare Providers
Connecticut Tularemia Surveillance
The Connecticut Department of Public Health (DPH) added Tularemia to the list of state-wide reportable Category 1 diseases in 1999. Diseases classified as Category 1 are reportable immediately by phone on the day of recognition or strong suspicion of disease. Tularemia is on the reportable list of possible bioterrorism agents. There have been no reported cases of Tularemia in Connecticut since surveillance began.
Cases of Tularemia reported to the DPH from January 1 – December 31, 2019.
This page last updated 11/4/2022.