A National Estuarine Research Reserve
for Long Island Sound
Long Island Sound is one of Connecticut's greatest natural treasures. The Sound provides countless recreational opportunities, serves as a critical habitat for fish and other marine wildlife, and improves the quality of life in Connecticut. Preserving its health and productivity for future generations, therefore, requires sustainable management of its resources. Connecticut's Coastal Management Program, established in 1980, coordinates efforts at the municipal, state, and federal levels of government to better protect Long Island Sound and its resources. The Long Island Sound Blue Plan, which has been underway since 2015, provides an inventory of Long Island Sound's natural resources and uses and, ultimately, develops a spatial plan to help guide future use of the Sound's waters and submerged lands. And yet, the barrage of deleterious impacts to Long Island Sound makes it more important than ever to supplement these existing efforts with additional information to help make critical management decisions affecting Connecticut's coastal resources. One such source of additional information can be found within the National Estuarine Research Reserve System.
What is a National Estuarine Research Reserve?
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NERRS) is a network of 28 coastal areas designated to protect and study estuarine systems. Created by the Coastal Zone Management Act, the reserves are a formal partnership between NOAA and coastal states. Each reserve is managed by a lead state agency or university, with input from local partners, for which NOAA provides funding, guidance, and technical assistance. The reserves cover 1.3 million acres of estuaries and focus on Resource Stewardship, Training, and Education.
Why does Connecticut need a Reserve?
A healthy and productive Long Island Sound is our greatest natural resource and contributes an estimated 7 billion dollars annually to the regional economy. The Sound, like other estuaries around the country, is constantly threatened by development, pollution, invasive species, and the effects of climate change – to name just a few. These and other threats underscore the need to have the right information in order to make critical management decisions affecting our coastal resources.
NERRS is a vital program that can help provide the information decision-makers need. Connecticut, however, is one of only two marine coastal states without a Reserve. A Connecticut-based Reserve would complement and extend the activities of programs like the EPA National Estuary Program, the Connecticut Coastal Management Program, the Connecticut Sea Grant office, and various academic institutions through the addition of funding, resources, and expertise. Additionally, it would enable new directions and initiatives by leveraging nation-wide programs. The health of the Sound's ecosystem and the state economy can only benefit from establishing a Reserve.
How does Connecticut establish a Reserve?
The State and NOAA have instituted an effort to select and designate a Reserve through the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection's Land and Water Resources Division (LWRD). LWRD has subsequently engaged the UConn Marine Sciences Department and the Connecticut SeaGrant office to form a leadership team to guide the process. The first step begins with engagement of a diverse range of expertise and interests in the coastal area and an assessment focused on evaluating existing lands already held in protection. Public information meetings are held to present information and solicit input. The process itself applies an expansive suite of environmental and organizational criteria to evaluate various potential locations and culminates in a formal report nominating a site.
Following an approval from NOAA, the State, with assistance from NOAA, will then work to develop and submit a management plan for NOAA's review. At the same time NOAA, with the State's assistance, will develop Draft and Final Environmental Impact Statements for the NERR designation. When the Reserve is approved by NOAA, the State and NOAA will sign a Memorandum of Understanding designating the operation of the new reserve.
Public Comment – DEIS/DMP
From September 3rd until October 18th, 2021 a public comment period to provide input on the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) and Draft Management Plan (DMP) will be open. Details on how to access these documents and how to provide written comment are as follows:
- To download the DEIS and DMP documents, go to: https://www.regulations.gov/docket/NOAA-NOS-2020-0089/document. The documents are listed as “Supporting and Related Materials”, and are both dated 8-25-21.
- To access the Federal Register Notice that provides background information on process as well as instructions on how to provide written comments via electronic or mail, go to: https://www.regulations.gov/document/NOAA-NOS-2020-0089-0018
On October 7th, 2021 two online public hearings will be held via WebEX to receive comments on the DEIS and DMP. Notification of the hearings will be provided in local papers (Middletown Press, Hartford Courant, and New London Day) no later than September 22, 2021. The hearings are scheduled for 2:30 to 4:00 p.m. EST and 7:30 to 9:00 p.m. EST. The content will be identical and attendees may select either option based on convenience.
Online participants should go to the University of Connecticut’s NERR WebEx room to attend the hearings.
If you are unable to participate online, you can connect to the event by phone using the toll-free number +1 415-655-0002 and the attendee access code 120 026 3550
Closed captioning will be provided for those who attend the public hearings online.
Registration for the WebEx hearings is not required to participate; however, we ask that anyone wishing to provide a comment please fill out the sign-in form below. NOTE: This is not a prerequisite to provide a comment nor does it commit you to make a comment, but will be used by the moderators to help manage the commenting periods in an orderly manner. If you are unable to sign up or choose not to, there will still be an opportunity to comment after the signees have been called.
The following link will direct you to an online document that provides additional details about the overall commenting process and participation in the October 7th hearings. This document may be updated as needed to address questions that arise and will provide access to materials for the hearings (e.g., final agendas and slide presentations). Hearing materials will be added approximately 2 days prior to the hearing.
NERR Site Nomination
The process to nominate a National Estuarine Research Reserve (NERR) in Connecticut has selected a preferred site, which includes the following state-owned properties:
- Lord Cove Wildlife Management Area;
- Great Island Wildlife Management Area;
- Bluff Point State Park, Coastal Reserve and Natural Area Preserve;
- Haley Farm State Park; and,
- The public trust portions of waterbodies defined by:
- Long Island Sound ranging approximately west to east from the mouth of the Connecticut River to Mason's Island and north to south waterward of the mean high water shoreline to just shy of the Connecticut state boundary in Long Island Sound;
- The area waterward of the mean high shoreline of the lower Thames River from approximately the Gold Star Bridge south to the area described in a., above;
- The area waterward of the mean high shoreline of the lower Connecticut River from approximately Lord Cove south to the area described in a., above.
Connecticut submitted a site nomination to the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) on of January 3, 2019. In September 2019, we were informed by NOAA that the proposed site was approved to move on to the next stages of the designation process, which will involve completing a Draft and Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) and Management Plan. During the course of 2020 and 2021, DEEP and partners from UConn, Sea Grant, and CT Audubon Society will be conducting meetings to solicit input for these elements.
Public Scoping Meeting
A virtual public meeting to solicit input on the required EIS process for the proposed Connecticut NERR was held on Tuesday, August 4, 2020. View the Scoping Meeting Announcement and the DEEP & Federal Register Public Notices for details.
The meeting information and slides are available here: Meeting Details & General Information
Management Planning Meeting Series
NOTE: Meeting recordings are now available via links within the “CT NERR Management Plan Meeting Information” document link below.
A series of online meetings to gather public feedback on developing priorities and goals for the proposed Connecticut National Estuarine Research Reserve transpired over February and early March, 2021. The meeting topics included:
|February 3rd||Overview / Kick-off Meeting|
|February 4th||Overall Strategic Plan|
|February 17th||Coastal Training Program|
|February 19th||Research & Monitoring Program|
|February 24th||Education Program|
|February 26th||Stewardship, Resource Management, Visitor Access/Uses|
|March 3rd||Partnerships: Friends group, NERR Advisory Board|
|March 5th||Administration Plan, Volunteer Plan, Communication Plan|
|March 10th||Facilities and Properties Development and Improvement Plan|
|March 12th||Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Justice|
For a more complete description of the meeting topics and recordings, please see the CT NERR Management Plan Meeting Information.
We have tried to distribute information about these meetings broadly, but feel free to forward this information to others. If you have any questions, please contact Jamie Vaudrey (UConn, email@example.com) or Kevin O'Brien (CTDEEP, firstname.lastname@example.org).
Find out more
For more information on the process to establish a NERR in Connecticut, please:
- See the Frequently Asked Questions About a Research Reserve for Connecticut;
Kevin P. O'Brien, Supervising Environmental Analyst
LWRD Coastal Resources Section
Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection
79 Elm Street, Hartford, CT 06106-5127
Content Last Updated September 3, 2021