John F. Anderson

Image of Dr. John F. Anderson

Department of Entomology
The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station
123 Huntington Street
New Haven, CT 06511
Voice (203) 974-8564 Fax (203) 974-8502

Anderson works on the ecology of ticks and mosquitoes, and he isolates and characterizes microbial pathogens carried by ticks and mosquitoes and the animals and humans they parasitize. Emphasis is placed on microorganisms carried by ticks that cause Lyme disease and babesiosis and carried by mosquitoes that cause eastern equine encephalitis and West Nile fever in humans, horses, and birds.  He is in charge of the Biosafety Level 3 Laboratory for isolation of viruses. He is responsible for the identification and testing of ticks sent into the Station by health officials.

B.S. North Dakota State University (1957)
M.S. North Dakota State University (1959)
Ph.D. University of Illinois (1963)

Station career:
Assistant Entomologist, 1964-1966
Associate Entomologist, 1966-1969
Chief Entomologist and State Entomologist, 1969-1987
Director, 1987-2004
Distinguished Scientist, 2004-2009
Emeritus Scientist, 2009-current

Past research:
Anderson was initially hired to work on the control and biology of Connecticut mosquitoes. He later worked on the biology and control of forest defoliating insects (gypsy moth, elm spanworm, and others), salt marsh deer flies, pesticide poisoning of honey bees and birds, and control of houseflies.

Current research:
Current research includes the isolation, identity, and characterization of human and veterinary pathogens associated with Connecticut ticks, the biology of ticks, and the ecology of viruses that cause eastern equine encephalitis and West Nile fever.

Selected publications available from the author,

Selected peer-reviewed publications:

  • Scott, J. D., Anderson, J. F., and Durden, L. A. 2012. Widespread dispersal of Borrelia burgdorferi-infected ticks collected from songbirds across <st1:country-region w:st="on">Canada</st1:country-region>. J. Parasitol. 98:49-59.
  • Anderson, J. F., Main, A. J., Cheng, G., Ferrandino, F. J., and Fikrig, E. 2012. Horizontal and vertical transmission of West Nile virus genotype NY99 by Culex salinarius and genotypes NY99 and WN02 by Culex tarsalis. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 86:134-139.
  • Anderson, J. F., Ferrandino, F. J., Dingman, D. W., Main, A. J., Andreadis, T. G., and Becnel, J. J. 2011. Control of mosquitoes in catch basins in Connecticut with Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis, Bacillus sphearicus and spinosid. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 27:45-55. (PDF)
  • Armstrong, P. M., Vossbrinck, C. R., Andreadis, T. G., Anderson, J. F., Pesk, K. N. Ruchi, Newman, R. M., Lennon, N. J., Birren, B. W., Ebel, G. D. and Henn, M. R. 2011. Molecular Evolution of West Nile virus in a northern temperate region: Connecticut, <st1:country-region w:st="on">USA</st1:country-region> 1999-2008. Virol. 417:203-210. (PDF)
  • Kariu, T., Coleman, A. S., Anderson, J. F., and Pal., U. 2011. Methods for rapid transfer and localization of Lyme disease pathogens within the tick gut. J. Vis. Exp. 48. 10.3791/2544.
  • Cheng, G., Liu, L., Wang, P., Zhang, Y., Zhao, Y. O., Colpits, T. M., Feitosa, F., Anderson, J. F., and Fikrig, E. 2011. An in vivo transfection approach elucidates a role for Aedes aegypti thioester-containing proteins in fluvial infection. PLoS One. 6 (7):e22786.
  • Kumar, M., Kaur, S. Kariu, T., Yang, X., Bossis, Il, Anderson, J. F., and Pal, U. 2011. Borrelia burgdorferi BBA52 is a potential target for transmission blocking Lyme disease vaccine. Vaccine. 29:9012-9019.
  • Neelakanta, G., Sultana, H., Fish, D., Anderson, J. F., and Fikrig, E. 2010. Anaplasma phagocytophilum induces Ixodes scapularis ticks to express an antifreeze glycoprotein gene that enhances their survival in the cold. J. Clin. Invest. 120:3179-3190.
  • Cheng, G., Cox, J., Wang, P., Krishnan, M. N., Dai, J., Qian, F., Anderson, J. F., Fikrig, E. 2010. A C-tyupe lectin collaborates with a CD45 phosphatase homolog to facilitate West Nile virus infection of mosquitoes. Cell 142:714-725.
  • Town, T., F. Bai, T. Wang, A. T. Kaplan, F. Qian, R. R. Montgomery, J. F. Anderson, R. A. Flavell, E. Fikrig.  2009.  Tlr7 mitigates lethal West Nile encephalitis by affecting interleukin 23-dependent immune cell infiltration and homing.  Immunity.  30:242-253.
  • Promnares, K., M. Kumar, D. S. Shroder, X. Zhang, J. F. Anderson, and U. Pal.  2009.  Borrelia burgdorferi small lipoprotein Lp6.6 is a member of multiple protein complexes in the outer membrane and facilitates pathogen transmission from ticks to mice.  Molecular Microbiology.  In press.
  • Anderson, J. F., F. J. Ferrandino, S. McKnight, J. Nolen, and J. Miller.  2009.  A carbon dioxide, heat and chemical lure trap for the bedbug, Cimex lectularius.  Med. Vet. Entomol.  23:99-105.
  • Bonafe, N., Riniger, J. A., Chubet, H. G., Foellmer, S. Fader, J. F. Anderson, S. L. Bushmich, K. Anthony, M. Ledizet, E. Fikrig, R. A. Koski, and P. Kaplan.  2009.  A recombinant West Nile virus envelope protein vaccine candidate produced in Spodoptera frugiperda expresSF+cells. Vaccine 27: 213-222.
  • Coleman AS, Yang X, Kumar M, Zhang X, Promnares K, Shroder D, Kenedy MR, Anderson JF, Akins DR and Pal U. 2008. Borrelia burgdorferi Complement regulator-acquiring surface protein 2 does not contribute to complement resistance or host infectivity.  PLOS ONE 3 (8), art. e3010.
  • Armstrong, P. M., T. G. Andreadis, J. F. Anderson, J. W. Stull, and C. N. Mores.  2008.  Tracking eastern equine encephalitis virus perpetuation in the Northeastern United States by phylogenetic analysis.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.  79:291-296.
  • Welth, T, J. Lamb, J. F. Anderson, W. K. Born, R. L. O’Brien, M. Zabel, and T. Wang.  2008.  Role of two distinct gamma/delta T cell subsets during West Nile virus infection.  FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol.  53: 275-283.
  • Magnarelli, L., A., S. L. Bushmich, J. F. Anderson, M. Ledizet, and R. A. Koski.  (2008). Serum antibodies to West Nile virus in horses.  J. Medical Microbiology.  57:1087-1093.
  • Wang, S., T. Welte, M. McGargill, T. Town, J. Thompson, John F. Anderson, R, A, Flavell, E. Fikrig, S. M. Hedrick, and T. Wang.  Drak2 signaling mediates T cell trafficking and helps West Nile virus entry into the brain.  2008.  J. Immunology.  181: 2084-2091.
  • Anderson, J. F., A. J. Main, K. Delroux, and E. Fikrig.  2008.  Extrinsic incubation periods for horizontal and vertical transmission of West Nile virus by Culex pipiens pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae.  J. Med. Entomol. 45: 445-451.
  • Anderson, J. F. and L. A. Magnarelli.  2008.  Biology of ticks.  Infect Dis. Clin. N. Amer.  22:195-215.
  • Li, X., Pal, U., Ramamoorthi, N., Liu, X., Desrosiers, D. C., Eggers, C. H., Anderson, J. F., Radolf, J. D., and Fikrig, E.  2007.  The Lyme disease agent Borrelia burgdorferi requires BB0690, Dps homologue, to persist with ticks. Mol. Microbiol 63: 694-710.
  • Andreadis, T. G., J. F. Anderson, P. M. Armstrong, and A. J. Main.  2008.  Isolations of Jamestown Canyon virus (Bunyaviridae: Orthobunyavirus) from field –collected mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Connecticut, <st1:country-region w:st="on">USA</st1:country-region>: A ten-year analysis, 1997-2006.  Vector-Borne and Zoon. Diseases. 8:175-188.
  • Linthicum, K. J., A. Anyamba, S. C. Britch, J-P Chretien, R. L., EricksonJ. Small, C. J. tucker, K. E. Bennett, R. T. Mayer, E. T. Schmidtmann, T. G. Andreadis, J. F. Anderson, W. C. Wilson, J. E. Freier, A. M. James, R. S. Miller, B. S. Drolet, S. N. Miller, C. A. Tedrow, C. L. Bailey, D. A. Strickman, D. R. Barnard, G. G. Clark, and L. Zou.  2007. A Rift Valley fever risk surveillance system for Africa using remotely sensed data: potential for use on other continents.  Vet. Italiana.  43:663-674.
  • Anderson, J. F., A. J. Main, F. J. Ferrandino, and T. G. Andreadis.  2007.  Nocturnal Activity of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in a West Nile virus focus in Connecticut.  J. Med. Entomol.  44:1102-1108.
  • Kong, K-F., X. Wang, J. F. Anderson, E. Fikrig, R. R. Montgomery.  2007.  West Nile virus attenuates activation of primary human macrophages.  Viral Immunology 21:78-82.
  • Narasimhan, S., B. Sukumaran, Thomas, V., Liang, X., DePonte, K., Marcantonio, N., Koski, R., Anderson, J. F., Kantor, F., and Fikrig, E.  2007.  A tick antioxidant facilitates the Lyme disease agent’s successful migration from the mammalian host to the arthropod vector.  Cell Host & Microbe.  2: 7-18.
  • Li, X., G. Neelakanta, X. Liu, D. S. Beck, F. S. Kantor, D. Fish, J. F. Anderson, and E. Fikrig.  2007.  Role of outer surface protein D in the Borrelia burgdorferi life cycle.  Infect Immun. 75:4237-4244.
  • Li, X., Pal, U., Ramamoorthi, N., Liu, X., Desrosiers, D. C., Eggers, C. H., Anderson, J. F. , Radolf, J. D., and Fikrig, E.  2007. The Lyme disease agent Borrelia burgdorferi requires BB0690, a Dps homologue, to persist within ticks.  Mol. Microbiol 63: 694-710.
  • Narasimhan, S., K. DePonte, N. Marcantonio, X. Liang, T. E. Royce, K. F. Nelson, C. Booth, B. Koski, J. F. Anderson, F. Kantor, and E. Fikrig.  2007.  Immunity against Ixodes scapularis salivary proteins expressed within 24 h of attachment thwarts tick feeding and impairs Borrelia transmission.  Plos 2 (5):e451.
  • Bai, F, T. Town, D. Pradhan, J. Cox, Ashish, M. Ledizet, J. F. Anderson, R. A. Flavell, J. K. Krueger, R. A. Koski, and E. Fikrig.  Antiviral peptides targeting the West Nile virus envelope protein.  J. Virol. 81: 2047-2055, 2007.
  • Anderson, J. F. and A. J. Main.  Importance of vertical and horizontal transmission of West Nile virus by Culex pipiens in the northeastern <st1:country-region w:st="on">United States</st1:country-region>.  J. Infect. Dis.194:1577-1579, 2006.
  • Anderson, J. F., T. G. Andreadis, A. J. Main, F. J. Ferrandino, and C. R. Vossbrinck.  West Nile virus from female and male mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in subterranean, ground, and canopy habitats in Connecticut.  J. Med. Entomol.  43:1010-1019, 2006.
  • Wang, T., Y. Gao, E. Scully, C. T. Davis, J. F. Anderson, A. Barrett, M. Ledizet, R. Koski, A. Yin, J. Craft, and E. Fikrig.  ?d T cells facilitate adaptive immunity against West Nile virus infection in mice. J. Immun. 177:1825-1832, 2006.
  • Utpal, U., J. F. Anderson, E. Fikrig.  Borrelia burgdorferi and Ixodes scapularis: exploring the pathogen-vector interface.  Cabello, F. C.  Hulinska, D, Godfrey, H. P. Ed.  NATO Science Series, I: Life and Behavioural Sciences: Molecular Biology of Spirochetes.  Pp 345-353.
  • Sukumaran, B., S. Narasimhan, J. F. Anderson, K. DePonte, N. Marcantonio, M. N. Krishnan, D. Fish, S. R. Telford, F. S. Kantor, and E. Fikrig.  An Ixodes scapularis protein required for survival of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in tick salivary glands.  J.Exp. Med. 203: 1507 – 1517, 2006.
  • Armstrong, P. M., T. G. Andreadis, J. F. Anderson, and A. J. Main.  Isolations of Potosi virus from mosquitoes (Dipter: Culicidae) collected in Connecticut.  J. Med. Entomol. 42:875-881, 2005.
  • Molaei, G., T. G. Andreadis, P. M. Armstrong, J. F. Anderson, and C. R. Vossbrinck.  Host feeding patterns of Culex mosquitoes and West Nile virus transmission, northeastern <st1:country-region w:st="on">United States</st1:country-region>. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 12: 468-474, 2006.
  • Gould, L. H., J. Sui, H. Fellmer, T. Oliphant, T. Wang, M. Ledizet, A. Murakami, K. Noonan, C. Lambeth, k. Kar, J. F. Anderson, A. M. de Silva, M. S. Diamond, R. A. Koski, W. A. Marasco, and E. Fikrig.   Protective and therapeutic capacity of human single-chain Fv-Fc fusion proteins against West Nile virus.  J. Virol. 79:14606-14613, 2005.
  • Ramamoorthi, N, S. Narasimhan, U. P:al, F. Bao, X. F. Yank, D. Fish, J. Anguita, M. V. Norgard, F. S. Kantor, J. F. Anderson, R. A. Koski, and E. Fikrig.  The Lyme disease agent exploits a tick protein to infect the mammalian host.  Nature 436:573-577, 2005.
  • Ledizet, M., K. Kar, H. G. Foellmer, T. Wang, S. L. Bushmich, J. F. Anderson, E. Fikrig, and R. A. Koski.  A recombinant envelope protein vaccine against West Nile virus.  Vaccine 23: 3915-3924, 2005.
  • Wang, T, T. Town, L. Alexopoulou, J. F. Anderson, E. Fikrig, and R. A. Flavell.  Toll-like receptor 3 mediates West Nile virus entry into the brain causing lethal encephalitis.  Nature Medicine 10: 1366-1373, 2004.
  • Andreadis, T. G., J. F. Anderson, C. R. Vossbrinck, and A. J. Main.  Epidemiology of West Nile virus in Connecticut: a five-year analysis of mosquito data 1999-2003. Vector-borne and Zoonotic Diseases.  4:360-378, 2004.
  • Pal, U., X. Li, T. Wang, R. R. Montgomery, A. M. deSilva, F. Bao, N. Ramamoorthi, X. Yang, F. S. Kantor, S. Telford, M. Pypaert, J. F. Anderson, E. Fikrig.  TROSPA, an Ixodes scapularis receptor for Borrelia burgdorferi.  Cell, 119:457-468, 2004.
  • Rahal, J. J., J. F. Anderson, C. Rosenberg, T. Reagan, and L.L. Thompson.  Effect of interferon alpha-2b therapy on St. Louis virus meningoencephalitis: clinical and laboratory results of a pilot study.  J. Infect. Dis. 190:1084-1087, 2004.
  • Pal, U., S. Yang, M. Chen, L. K. Bockenstedt, J. F. Anderson, R. A. Flavell, M. V. Norgard, and E. Fikrig.  OspC facilitates Borrelia burgdorferi invasion of Ixodes scapularis salivary glands.  J. Clin. Invest. 113:220-230, 2004.
  • Anderson, J. F., T. G. Andreadis, A. J. Main, and D. L. Kline.  Prevalence of West Nile virus in tree canopy-inhabiting Culex pipiens and associated mosquitoes.  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 71:112-119, 2004.
  • Fikrig. E., U. Pal, M. Chen, J. F. Anderson, and R. A. Flavell.  OspB antibody prevents Borrelia burgdorferi colonization of Ixodes scapularis.  Infection and immunity.  72:1755-1759, 2004.
  • Narasimhan, S., R.R. Montgomery, K. DePonte, C. Tschudi, N. Marcantonio, J. F. Anderson, J. R. Sauer, M. Cappello, F. S. Kantor, and E. Fikrig.  Disruption of Ixodes scapularis anticoagulation by using RNA interference.  Proc. Nat. Acad. Sciences. 101:1141-1146, 2004.
  • Anderson, J.F. and L.A. Magnarelli.  Babesiosis in Fairfield County, Connecticut.  Emerging Infectious Diseases.  10:545-546, 2004.
  • Wang, T., E. Scully, Z. Yin, J. Kim, S. Wang, J. Yan, M. Manula, J.F. Anderson, J. Craft, and E. Fikrig.  IFN-g producing gd T cells help control murine West Nile virus infection.  Journal of Immunology.  171:2524-2531. 2003.
  • Anderson, J. F., A. J. Main, T. G. Andreadis, S. K. Wikel, and C. R. Vossbrinck.  Transstadial transfer of West Nile virus by three species of ixodid ticks (Acari:Ixodidae).  J. Med. Entomol.  40:528-533.  2003.
  • Wang, T., L. A. Magnarelli, J. F. Anderson, L. H. Gould, S. L. Bushmich, S. J. Wong, and E. Fikrig.  A recombinant envelope protein-based ELISA for West Nile virus serodiagnosis.  Vector-borne and Zoonotic Diseases.  2:105-109.  2002.
  • Narasimhan, Sukanya, F. Santiago, R. A. Koski, B. Brei, J. F. Anderson, D. Fish, and E. Fikrig.  Examination of the Borrelia burgdorferi Transcriptome in Ixodes scapularis during feeding.  J. Bacteriology.  184:3122-3125, 2002.
  • Anderson, J. F. and J. J. Rahal.  Efficacy of Interferon Alpha-2B and Ribavirin Against West Nile Virus In-vitro.  Emer. Infect. Dis. 8:107-108.  2002.
  • Anderson, J. F.  The natural history of ticks.  The Medical Clinics of North America, W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia.  86:205-218, 2002.
  • Eidson, M. and the West Nile Virus Avian Mortality Surveillance Group [T. Andreadis, J.F. Anderson, C. Vossbrinck], 2001.  Crow deaths as a sentinel surveillance system for West Nile virus in the northeastern <st1:country-region w:st="on">U.S.</st1:country-region>, 1999.  Emerg. Infect. Dis. 7:615-620.  2001.
  • Wang, T., J. F. Anderson, L. A. Magnarelli, S. Bushmich, S. Wong, R. A. Koski, and E. Fikrig.  West Nile virus envelope protein-role in diagnosis and immunity.  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.  951:325-327.  2001.
  • Anderson, J. F., C. R. Vossbrinck, T. G. Andreadis, A. Iton, W. H. Beckwith, III, and D. R. Mayo.  Characterization of West Nile Virus from Five Species of Mosquitoes, Nine Species of Birds, and One Mammal.  Annals of the New York Acad. Of Sci. 951:328-331.  2001.
  • Wang, T., J. F. Anderson, L. A. Magnarelli, S. Wong, R. Koski, and E. Fikrig.  Immunization of mice against West Nile virus with recombinant envelope protein antisera.  Journ. Immunol.  167:5273-5277.  2001.
  • Andreadis, T. G., J. F. Anderson, L. E. Munstermann, R. J. Wolfe, and D. A. Florin.  Discovery, distribution, and abundance of a newly introduced mosquito, Ochlerotatus japonicus (Diptera; Culicidae) in Connecticut, <st1:country-region w:st="on">USA</st1:country-region>.  J. Med. Entomology.  38:774-779.  2001.
  • Anderson, J. F., C. R. Vossbrinck, T. G. Andreadis, A. Iton, W. H. Beckwith, III, and D. R. Mayo.  A phylogenetic approach to following West Nile virus in Connecticut.  Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 98:12885-12889.  2001.
  • Andreadis, T. G., J. F. Anderson, and C. R. Vossbrinck.  Mosquito surveillance for West Nile virus in Connecticut, 2000: Isolation from Culex pipiens, Cx. restuans, Cx. salinarius, and Culiseta melanura.  Emer. Infect. Dis. 7:670-674.  2001.
  • IJdo, J.W., C. Wu, L.A. Magnarelli, K.C. Stafford, III, J.F. Anderson, and E. Fikrig.  Detection of Ehrlichiosis chaffeensis DNA in Amblyomma americanum ticks in Connecticut.  J. Clin. Microbiol.  38:4655-4656.  2000.
  • Pal, U., R. R. Montgomery, D. Fish, J. Anguita, J. F. Anderson, Y. Lobet, and E. Fikrig.  Attachment of Borrelia burgdorferi within Ixodes scapularis mediated by OspA.  J. Clin. Investigation.  106:561-569, 2000.
  • Garmendia, A. E., H. J. Van Kruiningen, R. A. French, J. F. Anderson, T. G. Andreadis, A. Kumar, and A. B. West.  Recovery and Identification of West Nile Virus from a Hawk in Winter.  J. Clin. Microbiol. 38:3110-3111.  2000.
  • Das, S., N. Marcantonio, K. DePonte, S. R. Telford, III, J. F. Anderson, F. S. Kantor, and E. Fikrig.  SALP16, a gene induced in Ixodes scapularis salivary glands during tick feeding.  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 62:99-105.  2000.
  • Andreadis, T.G., J.F. Anderson, and C.F. Vossbrinck.  Mosquito arbovirus surveillance in CT, 1999.  Isolation and identification of West Nile virus.  Proceedings of the Northeastern Mosquito Control Association.  45:57-67.  1999.
  • Stafford, K. C., R. F. Massung, L. A. Magnarelli, J. W. Ijdo, and J. F. Anderson.  Infection with agents of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis, Lyme disease, and babesiosis in wild white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) in ConnecticutJ. Clin. Microbiol. 37:2887-2892.  1999.
  • Anderson, J. F. and L. A. Magnarelli.  Epizootiology of Borrelia burgdorferi in the northeastern and northcentral <st1:country-region w:st="on">United States</st1:country-region>.  Acarology IX:Symposia. Pp. 385-389.  1999.
  • Anderson, JF, TG Andreadis, CR. Vossbrinck, S Tirrell, EM Wakem, RA French, AE Garmendia, HJ VanKruinigen.  Isolation of West Nile Virus from Mosquitoes, Crows, and a Cooper’s Hawk in Connecticut.  Science.  286:2331-2333.  1999.
  • Andreadis, T.G. and J.F. Anderson.  Mosquito arbovirus surveillance in Connecticut, 1998.  Proceedings of the 44th Annual Meeting, Northeastern Mosquito Control Association.  14-20.  1998.
  • Anderson, J.F. and L.A. Magnarelli.  The trouble with ticks.  American Nurseryman.  188:53-56.  1998.
  • Nazario, S., S. Das, A.M. DeSilva, K. Deponte, N. Marcantonio, J.F. Anderson, D. Fish, E. Fikrig, and F. S. Kantor.  Prevention of Borrelia burgdorferi transmission in guinea pigs by tick immunity.  American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.  58:780-785.  1998.
  • Andreadis, T.G., J.F. Anderson and S.J. Tirrell-Peck.  Multiple isolations of Eastern Equine Encephalitis and Highlands J viruses from mosquitoes (Diptera:Culicidae) during a 1996 epizootic in southeastern Connecticut.  J. Med. Entomol.  35:296-302.  1998.
  • Magnarelli, L.A., J.W. Ijdo, J.F. Anderson, S.J. Padula, R.A. Flavell, and E. Fikrig.  Human exposure to a granulocytic Ehrlichia and other tick-borne agents in Connecticut.  J. Clin. Microbiol. 36:2823-2827.  1998.
  • Magnarelli, L.A., J.F. Anderson, K.C. Stafford, III, and J.S. Domler.  Antibodies to multiple tick-borne pathogens of babesiosis, ehrlichiosis, and Lyme borreliosis in white-footed mice.  J. Wildlife Dis.  33:466-473.  1997.
  • Magnarelli, L.A., J.W. Ijdo, J.F. Anderson, J.E. Madigan, J.S. Dumler, and E. Fikrig.  Antibodies to Ehrlichia equi in dogs from northeastern <st1:country-region w:st="on">United States</st1:country-region>.  J. Amer. Vet. Med. Assoc.  211:1134-1137.  1997.
  • Magnarelli, LA, RA Flavell, SJ Padula, JF Anderson, and E Fikrig.  Serologic diagnosis of canine and equine borreliosis:  Use of recombinant antigens in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.  J. Clin. Microbiol. 35:169-173.  1997.
  • Zhang, Y-Q, D Mathiesen, CP Kolbert, JF Anderson, RT Schoen, E Fikrig, and DH Persing.  Borrelia burgdorferi enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for discrimination of OspA vaccination from spirochete infection.  J. Clin Microbiol.  35:233-238.  1997.
  • Mathiesen, DA, JH Oliver, Jr., CP Kolbert, ED Tullson, BJB Johnson, GL Campbell, PD Mitchell, KD Reed, SR Telford III, JF Anderson, RS Lane, and DH Persing.  Genetic heterogeneity of Borrelia burgdorferi in the <st1:country-region w:st="on">United States</st1:country-region>.  J. Infec. Dis. 175:98-107.  1997.
  • Hubalek, Z., JF Anderson, J. Halouzka, and V. Hajek.  Borreliae in immature Ixodes ricinus (Acari:Ixodidae) ticks parasitizing birds in the Czeck Republic.  J. Med. Entomol. 33:766-771.  1996.
  • Magnarelli, LA, E Fikrig, SJ Padula, JF Anderson, and RA Flavell.  Use of recombinant antigens of Borrelia burgdorferi in serologic tests for diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis.  J. Clin. Microbiol.  34:237-240.  1996.
  • Anderson, JF, RA Flavell, LA Magnarelli, SW Barthold, FS Kantor, R Wallich, DH Persing, D. Mathiesen, and E Fikrig.  Novel Borrelia burgdorferi isolates from Ixodes scapularis and Ixodes dentatus ticks feeding on humans.  J. Clin. Microbiol.  34:524-529  1996.
  • Magnarelli, L.A., A. DeNicola, K.C. Stafford, III, and JF AndersonBorrelia burgdorferi in an urban environment: white-tailed deer with infected ticks and antibodies.  J. Clin. Microbiol. 33:541-544.  1995.
  • Magnarelli, LA, JS Dumler, JF Anderson, RC Johnson and E Fikrig.  Coexistence of antibodies to tick-borne pathogens of babesiosis, ehrlichiosis, and Lyme borreliosis in human sera.  J. Clin. Microbiol.  33:3054-3057.  1995.
  • Magnarelli, LA, JF Anderson, RA Flavell, and E Fikrig.  Reactivity of white-footed mouse and raccoon sera to whole cell and recombinant antigens of Borrelia burgdorferi.  J. Wildlife Dis.  31:339-344.  1995.
  • Magnarelli, LA, JF Anderson, and RC Johnson.  Analyses of mammalian sera in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays with different strains of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato.  Journ Wildlife Diseases.  31:159-165, 1995.
  • Magnarelli, L.A. and JF Anderson.  Detection of Borrelia burgdorferi in urine of mammals, pp. 195-198.  IN Advances in Lyme Borreliosis Research, R. Cevenini, V. Sanbri, and M. LaPlace [Eds.}, University of Bologna, <st1:country-region w:st="on">Italy</st1:country-region>, Proc. of VI International Conference on Lyme borreliosis.  1994.
  • Magnarelli, LA, JF Anderson, RC Johnson, RB Nadelman, and GP Wormser.  A comparison of different strains of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato used as antigens in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.  Journ Clin Microbiol.32:1154-1158, 1994.
  • Magnarelli, LA, JF Anderson, and KC Stafford, III.  Detection of Borrelia burgdorferi in urine of Peromyscus leucopus by an inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.  Journ Clin Microbiol 32:777-782, 1994.
  • Anderson, JF, RA Flavell, LA Magnarelli, SW Barthold, FS Kantor, R Wallich, and E Fikrig.  (1994) Variants of the prototype Borrelia burgdorferi B31 strain isolated from Ixodes scapularis.  Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Lyme Borreliosis, Bologna, <st1:country-region w:st="on">Italy</st1:country-region>, June 19-22, 23-26.  1994.
  • Anderson, JF, and LA Magnarelli.  Lyme disease:  A tick-associated disease originally described in Europe but named after a town in Connecticut.  American Entomologist 40:217-227.  1994.
  • Magnarelli, L.A. and JF Anderson.  Ehrlichiosis, a rickettsial disease, occurs in Connecticut.  Frontiers of Plant Science 46:4-6.  1993.
  • Magnarelli, LA and JF Anderson.  Serologic evidence of canine and equine ehrlichiosis in northeastern <st1:country-region w:st="on">United States</st1:country-region>.  Journ Clin Microbiol 31:2857-2860.  1993.
  • Fikrig, E, LA Magnarelli, M Chen, JF Anderson, and RA Flavell.  Serologic analyses of dogs, horses, and cottontail rabbits for antibodies to an antigenic flagellar epitope of Borrelia burgdorferi.  Journ Clin Microbiol 31:2451-2455.  1993.
  • Schaible, UE, R Wallich, MD Kramer, L Gern, JF Anderson, C Museteanu, and MM Simon.  Immune sera to individual Borrelia burgdorferi isolates or recombinant OspA thereof protect SCID mice against infection with homologous strains but only partially or not at all against those of different OspA/OspB genotype.  Vaccine 11:1049-1054.  1993.
  • Zingg, BC, JF Anderson, RC Johnson, and RB Lefebvre.  Comparative analysis of genetic variability among B. burgdorferi isolates from Europe and the <st1:country-region w:st="on">United States</st1:country-region> by restriction fragment length polymorphisms, DNA-DNA hybridizations and pulsed-field gel electriphoresis.  Journ Clin Microbiol 31:3115-3122.  1993.
  • Magnarelli, LA, JF Anderson, and ML Cartter.  Geographic distribution of white-tailed deer with ticks and antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi in Connecticut.  Yale Journ Biol and Med 66:19-26. 1993.
  • Anderson, JF, DA Miller, JE Post, RC Johnson, LA Magnarelli, and TG Andreadis.  Isolation of Leptospira interrogans serovar grippotyphosa from an earpunch biopsy from a CT dog.  Journ Amer Vet Med Assn 203:1550-1551.  1993.
  • Anderson, JF, and LA Magnarelli. Epizootiology of Lyme disease-causing borreliae.  Clinics in Dermatology 11:339-351.  1993.
  • Anderson, JF and LA Magnarelli.  Natural history of Borrelia burgdorferi in vectors and vertebrate hosts.  pp. 11-24.  In Ginsberg,H., ed. Ecology and Environmental Management of Lyme Disease.  Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick.  1993.