As of September 5, 2022, Freedom of Information Commission meetings and contested case hearings will resume being conducted in person. All parties and witnesses must appear in person for their contested case hearings and Commission meetings. Please access this link or contact the Commission for further information.

Final Decision FIC2014-417
In the Matter of a Complaint by
FINAL DECISION
Marissa Lowthert,
     Complainant
     against
Docket #FIC 2014-417
Bill Brennan, First Selectman, Town
of Wilton; Harold Clark, member,
Board of Selectmen, Town of Wilton;
Richard Dubow, member, Board of
Selectmen, Town of Wilton; Tedd
Hoffstatter, member, Board of Selectmen,
Town of Wilton; James Saxe, member,
Board of Selectmen, Town of Wilton;
Board of Selectmen, Town of Wilton;
and Town of Wilton,
     Respondents
June 24, 2015

     The above-captioned matter was heard as a contested case on April 29, 2015, at which time the complainant and the respondents appeared, stipulated to certain facts and presented testimony, exhibits and argument on the complaint. 
     For purposes of hearing, the above-captioned matter was consolidated with Docket #FIC2014-454; Marissa Lowthert v. Warren Serenbetz, Chairman, Board of Finance, Town of Wilton; Al Alper, member, Board of Finance, Town of Wilton; Richard Creeth, member, Board of Finance, Town of Wilton; Lynne Vanderslice, member, Board of Finance, Town of Wilton; Jeffrey Rutishauser, member, Board of Finance, Town of Wilton; John Kalamarides, member, Board of Finance, Town of Wilton; Board of Finance, Town of Wilton; and Town of Wilton.
     After consideration of the entire record, the following facts are found and conclusions of law are reached:
     1.  The respondents are public agencies within the meaning of §1-200(1), G.S.
     2.  It is found that on June 2, 2014, the respondent board held a regular meeting (“the meeting”) during which it convened in executive session.
     3.  By e-mail sent on June 27, 2014 and received on June 30, 2014, the complainant appealed to this Commission, alleging that the respondents violated the Freedom of Information (“FOI”) Act by:
a. “failing to state the purpose of the executive session with sufficient specificity;” and
b. “failing to identify all persons who attended the executive session.”
     4.  With respect to the complainant’s allegation described in paragraph 3a, above, the complainant stated at the hearing on this matter that her allegation in that regard was specifically that the respondents failed to state the purpose of the executive session on the agenda and at the time the board convened the executive session.
     5.  In her complaint, the complainant requested that the Commission consider the imposition of a civil penalty, as well as other various remedies, including disclosure of those who attended the executive session.
     6.  Section 1-200(6), G.S., provides, in relevant part, as follows:
“Executive sessions” means a meeting of a public agency at which the public is excluded for one or more of the following purposes: (A) Discussion concerning the appointment, employment, performance, evaluation, health or dismissal of a public officer or employee, provided that such individual may require that discussion be held at an open meeting; (B) strategy and negotiations with respect to a pending claim or pending litigation to which the public agency or a member thereof, because of the member’s conduct as a member of such agency, is a party until such litigation or claim has been finally adjudicated or otherwise settled….
     7.  Section 1-225(c), G.S., provides as follows:
The agenda of the regular meetings of every public agency, except for the General Assembly, shall be available to the public and shall be filed, not less than twenty-four hours before the meetings to which they refer, (1) in such agency's regular office or place of business, and (2) in the office of the clerk of such subdivision for any public agency of a political subdivision of the state … 
     8.  Section 1-225(f), G.S., provides as follows:
A public agency may hold an executive session as defined in subdivision (6) of section 1-200, upon an affirmative vote of two-thirds of the members of such body present and voting, taken at a public meeting and stating the reasons for such executive session, as defined in section 1-200.
     9.  In Zoning Board of Appeals of the Town of Plainfield, et al. v. FOIC et al., Superior Court, Docket No. CV 99-0497917-S, Judicial District of New Britain, Memorandum of Decision dated May 3, 2000 (Satter, J.), reversed on other grounds, 66 Conn. App. 279 (2001), the court observed that one purpose of a meeting agenda “is that the public and interested parties be apprised of matters to be taken up at the meeting in order to properly prepare and be present to express their views,” and that “[a] notice is proper only if it fairly and sufficiently apprises the public of the action proposed, making possible intelligent preparation for participation in the hearing.”
     10. In Trenton E. Wright, Jr. v. First Selectman, Town of Windham, Docket #FIC 1990-048, the Commission found that the phrase "executive session - personnel matters" was too vague to communicate to the public what business would be transacted.
     11. In Durham Middlefield Interlocal Agreement Advisory Board v. FOIC et al., Superior Court, Docket No. CV 96 0080435, Judicial District of Middletown, Memorandum of Decision dated August 12, 1997 (McWeeny, J.), the court concluded that it was reasonable for the Commission to require something more detailed than “Executive Session Re: Possible Litigation” in a special meeting notice.
     12. It is found that the agenda for the meeting included the following relevant items:
F.  Executive session:
Litigation
Employee contract
     13. With respect to the respondents’ agenda that states “Executive Session: Litigation,” it is found that the respondents convened in executive session specifically to discuss the complainant’s May 12, 2014 letter to the town which it believed constituted pending litigation within the meaning of §1-200(9), G.S.
     14. It is found that upon convening in executive session, the respondent board did not state the purpose for the session.
     15. It is found that the minutes for the respondent board’s June 2, 2014 regular meeting state in relevant part as follows:
PRESENT: First Selectman Bill Brennan, Hal Clark, Richard Dubow, Ted Hoffstatter
         ABSENT: James Saxe
GUESTS: Pat Sesto, Nan Merolla and Suzanne Knutson of the Garden Club, Ken Bernhard and David Zabel of Cohen and Wolf, Jacqueline Rochester
OTHERS: Christopher Burns
E. Executive Session – Board of Selectmen entered into executive session at 8:00p.m.
     16. With respect to the complainant’s allegation described in paragraph 3a, above, the respondents contended at the hearing on this matter that they did not violate the FOI Act as alleged by the complainant with respect to the agenda for its meeting because a public agency is not required to notice on the agenda that it will convene in executive session.
     17. It is found that stating “executive session,” by itself, does not delineate an item of business but rather an executive session is simply a way to conduct the business of a public agency.  However, a public agency is required to fairly apprise the public of the business to be transacted on the agenda for its meeting, whether the business is to be conducted in open session or in executive session. 
     18. It is found, therefore, that stating that “Litigation” would be taken up as an item of business was not sufficient and failed to fairly apprise the public of the business to be transacted with respect to that item.  See Kate King and the Stamford Advocate v. Water Pollution Control Authority, City of Stamford, et al., Docket #FIC 2012-502 (May 8, 2013) (“legal strategy” failed to identify with sufficient particularity reason for respondents’ executive session); George Schober v. Janet Tyler, Superintendent, Lebanon Public Schools, et al., Docket #FIC 2011-471 (July 13, 2012) (“Update from legal counsel” listed under executive session failed to fairly and sufficiently apprise the public of the business to be transacted); Richard Stone et al., v. David Palmer, Chairman, Board of Education, Somers Public Schools, et al., Docket #FIC 2012-741 (September 14, 2011)(“legal matters insufficient to inform the public what respondents planned to discuss in executive session); Dostaler v. Water Development Task Force, Town of East Hampton, Docket #2009-333 (March 24, 2010)(“pending litigation” failed to adequately apprise the public of business to be transacted).
     19. Likewise, with respect to the respondent board’s agenda for its June 2, 2014 regular meeting that states “Employee contract,” it is found that the respondent board failed to fairly apprise the public of the business to be transacted with respect to that item.
     20. Consequently, it is concluded that the respondents violated §1-225(c), G.S., by failing to fairly apprise the public of all of the business it intended to conduct at its June 2, 2014 regular meeting on the agenda.
     21. It is also found that, when the respondent board moved to convene in executive session, it did not state the reason for convening the executive session and therefore, it is concluded that the respondents violated the provisions of §1-225(f), G.S., that require it to do so.
     22. With respect to the complainant’s allegation that the respondents failed to identify all persons who attended the executive session, §1-231(a), G.S., requires in relevant part “that the minutes of [an] executive session shall disclose all persons who are in attendance.”
     23. It is found that the minutes for the executive session held during the respondent board’s June 2, 2014 regular meeting failed to disclose all persons who were in attendance as required by §1-231(a), G.S.
     24. Based on the facts and circumstances of this case, it is concluded that the respondents violated §1-231(a), G.S., by failing to disclose in the minutes all persons who attended the session, as alleged by the complainant.
     25. Notwithstanding the conclusions in paragraphs 20, 21, and 24, above, the Commission declines to consider the complainant’s request for civil penalty and denies the complainant’s request for the other various remedies, except for the disclosure of those who attended the executive session. 
     The following order by the Commission is hereby recommended on the basis of the record concerning the above-captioned complaint:
     1. The respondent board shall amend the minutes of its June 2, 2014 meeting to include:
a. a statement of the purpose of the executive session specifying the pending litigation matter discussed and specifying which employee contract was discussed;
b. a record of the vote to convene the executive session; and
c. the names of those in attendance, including the names of the board members.
     2. The amended minutes described in paragraph 1 of the order, above, shall be filed within 30 days after the issuance of the notice of final decision in this matter.
     3. Henceforth, the respondents shall strictly comply with the provisions of §1-225(c) and (f), and §1-231(a), G.S.

Approved by Order of the Freedom of Information Commission at its regular meeting of June 24, 2015.

__________________________
Wendy R.B. Paradis
Acting Clerk of the Commission

PURSUANT TO SECTION 4-180(c), G.S., THE FOLLOWING ARE THE NAMES OF EACH PARTY AND THE MOST RECENT MAILING ADDRESS, PROVIDED TO THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION COMMISSION, OF THE PARTIES OR THEIR AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE.
THE PARTIES TO THIS CONTESTED CASE ARE:
Marissa Lowthert
90 Keelers Ridge
Wilton, CT  06897
Bill Brennan, First Selectman, Town of Wilton;
Harold Clark, member, Board of Selectmen, Town of Wilton;
Richard Dubow, member, Board of Selectmen, Town of Wilton;
Tedd Hoffstatterr, Board of Selectmen, Town of Wilton;
James Saxe, member, Board of Selectmen, Town of Wilton;
Board of Selectmen, Town of Wilton; and Town of Wilton
c/o Patricia C. Sullivan, Esq.
Cohen and Wolf, P.C.
1115 Broad Street
Bridgeport, CT  06604

____________________________
Wendy R.B. Paradis
Acting Clerk of the Commission

FIC/2014-417/FD/mes/6/29/2015