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Rental Surcharge Daily Rental of Machinery
Alert:This publication been modified and superseded by SN 2018(5)
Purpose: This Policy Statement:
Describes the imposition of the rental surcharge on the daily rental of pieces of machinery rented by rental companies; and
Incorporates new legislation that defines the word period for purposes of the rental surcharge imposed on daily rentals of pieces of machinery.
Effective Date: July 1, 2007.
Statutory Authority: Conn. Gen. Stat. §12-692(c) as amended by 2007 Conn. Pub. Acts 254, §4.
Definitions: The following definitions are for the surcharge as applied to the daily rental of pieces of machinery.
Machinery means heavy equipment without an operator that may be used for construction, mining, or forestry. Heavy equipment is equipment propelled by its own internal engine or internal power source and intended for outside use.
Rental company means any business entity engaged in the business of renting five or more pieces of machinery in this state that may be used for construction, mining, or forestry in this state to lessees. Renting machinery for household use would not be subject to the rental surcharge on machinery.
Lessee means any person who rents a piece of machinery from a rental company for the person’s own use and not for the rental to others.
Rental period or period begins on the date a piece of machinery is rented to a lessee and terminates on the date the piece of machinery is returned to the rental company.
Imposition of the Rental Surcharge: A 1½% rental surcharge is imposed on the total amount a rental company charges a lessee for the rental of a piece of machinery in
If the initial rental of a piece of machinery is for a term of 30 consecutive calendar days or less, and after adding the renewal term to the initial term, the rental period is more than 30 consecutive calendar days, the rental is not subject to the rental surcharge. In this situation, the rental company must refund the rental surcharge collected on the initial rental to the customer. The rental company must refund the difference between the amount of sales tax computed on the initial machinery rental and the amount of sales tax recalculated on the initial machinery rental less the rental surcharge. See Example 2 below.
Filing of Return and Payment of the Rental Surcharge: On or before February 15 annually, each rental company must file Form OP-383, Rental Surcharge Annual Report, with the Department of Revenue Services (DRS) to report the total rental surcharge the company actually collected on the rental of machinery during the proceeding calendar year. If the rental surcharge is collected on an initial machinery rental and refunded to the customer because the rental period is more than 30 consecutive calendar days after the machinery rental is renewed, the amount of the rental surcharge collected and refunded to the customer is not included on Form OP-383.
Each rental company must also remit with Form OP-383 the portion of the total rental surcharge collected that exceeds the sum of:
The personal property tax it actually paid during the year to any
municipality on pieces of machinery rented to lessees during the year; and Connecticut
The registration and titling fees it actually paid during the year to the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) on the pieces of machinery, if any.
The rental company is not entitled to keep any excess and must pay it over to DRS with Form OP-383.
In determining whether there is any excess, a rental company must take into account the personal property taxes it actually paid during the entire calendar year to any
Machinery: The rental of machinery that may be used for construction, mining, or forestry and is considered the rental of heavy equipment subject to the rental surcharge includes the following:
Well-drilling machinery and equipment; and
Similar heavy equipment that may be used for construction, mining, or forestry.
Rentals Not Subject to the Rental Surcharge: If a piece of machinery considered heavy equipment is delivered to a lessee outside
All Other Rentals Subject to the Rental Surcharge: All other leases or rentals of pieces of machinery considered heavy equipment for a period of 30 consecutive calendar days or less are subject to the rental surcharge. This includes leases or rentals exempt from sales and use taxes, such as lease or rentals to an agency of the State of
Example 1: A rental company rents a forklift to a contractor for a period of 21 days. The contractor does not renew the forklift rental. The contractor returns the forklift to the rental company when the 21 day rental period terminates. The total amount the rental company charges the contractor for the rental of the forklift is $35 per day.
The application of the rental surcharge and sales tax on the forklift rental to the contractor:
Rental charge (Form OP-383)
$35 multiplied by 21 days $735.00
$735 multiplied by 1½% (.015) + 11.03
Amount on which sales tax
must be charged and collected $746.03
Sales tax (Form OS-114)
$746.03 multiplied by 6% (.06) + 44.76
Example 2: The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that the contractor renews the forklift rental for 14 days and returns it to the rental company after the end of the renewal period. The rental period for the forklift rental is 35 days because it begins on the first day the contractor rents the forklift and terminates on the day the contractor returns the forklift to the rental company. The forklift rental is not subject to the rental surcharge because the period of the rental is for 35 days. The rental company must refund the $11.03 rental surcharge collected from the contractor on the initial 21 day forklift rental. The rental company is required to charge sales tax on the forklift rental for the additional 14 days the rental is renewed by the contractor ($35 x 14 days x 6% = $29.40 sales tax).
The sales tax must be recomputed on the initial 21 day rental charge without including the rental surcharge in the amount subject to sales tax ($735 x 6% = $44.10). The difference between the initial amount of sales tax collected from the contractor and the recomputed amount of sales tax after deducting the rental surcharge from the amount subject to tax must be refunded to the customer. Therefore, the rental company must refund 66 cents ($44.76 – $44.10 = $.66) sales tax to the contractor.
Effect on Other Documents: This Special Notice modifies and supersedes Special Notice 2005(11), Rental Surcharge - Daily Rental of Machinery.
Effect of This Document: A Policy Statement explains in depth a current Department of Revenue Services (DRS) position, policy, or practice affecting the tax liability of taxpayers.
For Further Information: Call DRS during business hours, Monday through Friday:
calls outside the Greater Hartford calling area only); or Connecticut
860-297-5962 (from anywhere).
TTY, TDD, and Text Telephone users only may transmit inquiries anytime by calling 860-297-4911.
Sales and Use Taxes