Whistleblower Retaliation Regulations
As used in sections 4-61dd-1 to 4-61dd-21, inclusive, of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies:
(1) "Complainant" means a person who has filed a complaint with the office of public hearings pursuant to section 4-61dd of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(2) "Complaint" means a written statement containing facts sufficient to allege a violation of section 4-61dd of the Connecticut General Statutes, and includes any amended complaint;
(3) "Contested case" means "contested case" as defined in section 4-166 of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(4) "Day" means a calendar day;
(5) "Employee" means any person employed by the state, a quasi-public agency, or a large state contractor;
(6) "Final decision" means "final decision" as defined in section 4-166 of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(7) "Intervenor" means "intervenor" as defined in section 4-166 of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(8) "Notice of hearing" means the notice required to be provided to the parties pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of section 4-177 of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(9) "Office of public hearings" means the office of public hearings of the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities, which consists of human rights referees appointed by the governor in accordance with section 46a-57 of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(10) "Paper" means any motion, pleading, memorandum, correspondence, or other non-evidentiary document filed with the office of public hearings;
(11) "Party" means "party" as defined in section 4-166 of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(12) "Person" means "person" as defined in section 4-166 of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(13) "Presiding officer" means the human rights referee appointed under section 46a-57 of the Connecticut General Statutes assigned by the chief human rights referee to conduct a hearing and issue a decision on a complaint;
(14) "Quasi-public agency" means "quasi-public agency" as defined in section 1-120 of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(15) "Respondent" means any person who is named as the subject of a complaint filed under section 4-61dd of the Connecticut General Statutes;
(16) "Ruling" means a decision, order or directive of the presiding officer, other than a final decision; and
(17) "Large state contractor" has the same meaning as it is defined in section 4-61dd of the Connecticut General Statutes.
(e) If any provisions of sections 4-61dd-1 to 4-61dd-21, inclusive, of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies should be found to be unconstitutional or otherwise legally unenforceable, all other provisions of said regulations shall remain in full force and effect.
Sec. 4-61dd-3. Commencement of contested case proceeding
(1) The full name, address and telephone number of the complainant;
(2) The name and address of each respondent;
(3) A plain and simple statement of the alleged facts, events or actions upon which the complaint is based;
(4) The date of the alleged violation;
(5) The location where the alleged violation occurred;
(6) The relief sought; and
(7) Such other information as the office of public hearings may require.
(b) A complaint may be amended in accordance with section 4-61dd-7 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies.
(c) The complaint shall be filed with the office of public hearings.
(d) The complaint shall not be deemed defective solely because of the absence of one or more of the items contained in subsection (a) of this section, provided that the complaint shall be amended as directed by the presiding officer.
(e) The office of public hearings shall serve the complaint on the respondent by certified mail, return receipt requested.
(1) A statement of the time and place of the hearing;
(2) A statement of the time and place of the initial conference;
(3) A statement of the legal authority and jurisdiction under which the hearing is to be held;
(4) A reference to the particular sections of the statutes and regulations involved;
(5) A short and plain statement of the matters asserted;
(6) A statement informing the respondent that respondent shall file a written answer to the complaint within ten (10) days of receipt of the complaint and the notice of hearing or such other time as may be established in the notice of hearing;
(7) The address, facsimile mail number and telephone number of the office of public hearings; and
(b) The answer shall contain the mailing address, telephone number and facsimile mail number of the respondent, and the mailing address, telephone number and facsimile mail number of the respondent's authorized representative.
(1) Delineation of the case, the respective positions of the parties and the order of presentation at the hearings;
(2) The necessity of amendments to the complaint or answer;
(3) The disclosure of documents in accordance with section 4-61dd-16 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies;
(4) Motions directed to the pleadings;
(5) The exchange of witness lists and exhibit lists; and
(6) The exchange of copies of documents each party intends to or is likely to introduce at the hearing.
(c) After the initial conference, the presiding officer shall issue an order that will, unless modified thereafter by the presiding officer, control the subsequent course of the proceeding.
Sec. 4-61dd-10. Parties and intervenors
(a) The complainant and the respondent shall be parties. Other persons may petition the presiding officer to participate as parties or intervenors. The presiding officer may grant party or intervenor status to any person meeting the standards of section 4-177a of the Connecticut General Statutes, and may limit an intervenor's participation as provided therein. Once granted such status, a party or intervenor, subject to any limitations imposed by the presiding officer, shall be treated like any other party to the proceedings, with the same rights and obligations attendant thereto.
(b) Any party may object to the participation of another person as a party or intervenor by filing, at or before the commencement of a hearing, a written objection and serving a copy of the objection upon the person seeking such status and upon all other parties of record in accordance with section 4-61dd-5(c) of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies and section 4-177a of the Connecticut General Statutes.
Sec. 4-61dd-11. Representation; appearances; withdrawals
(a) The parties may appear pro se or through an attorney or other duly authorized representative, as provided by law.
(b) An attorney may appear by filing an appearance or document containing the name of the case, the docket number, the name of the party or parties which the attorney is representing, the attorney’s juris number if the attorney is admitted to practice in Connecticut, and the attorney’s address, telephone number, facsimile mail number and electronic mail number. Any document constituting an appearance shall be personally signed by the attorney filing the appearance.
(c) A law firm may appear by filing its juris number only if it also appears by naming an individual attorney associated with the firm who will be responsible for the firm’s representation and providing the juris number of that individual attorney. Delivery or mailing of documents to that individual will constitute delivery to the law firm. Law firms that appear are responsible for keeping the office of public hearings informed of the individual attorney responsible for the client’s representation.
(d) Upon written motion, counsel in good standing from jurisdictions other than Connecticut and law student interns may request and, for good cause shown, be allowed to appear in specific proceedings, provided counsel admitted to practice in Connecticut is present during all of the proceedings and signs all pleadings and other papers filed therein and agrees to take full responsibility for the conduct of the attorney or law student intern and the representation of the case.
(e) An attorney who wishes to withdraw an appearance shall file written notice with the office of public hearings and concurrently serve copies of the notice upon his or her client and upon all other parties. The notice shall include the following information: the name of the case; the case number; the name of the party represented; and the withdrawing attorney's name, address, telephone and facsimile mail numbers, and juris number. The attorney shall include a certification that a copy of the notice was mailed to the client and to all other parties. The certification shall include the name of each person served, the address at which service was made, and the dates copies were served. A withdrawal of appearance form is available from the office of public hearings, and it may be used in lieu of the written notice.
Sec. 4-61dd-12. Powers and duties of presiding officer
(a) The presiding officer shall control all proceedings to ensure a fair and impartial hearing, ensure that the relevant facts are fully elicited, adjudicate issues of law and fact, and prevent delay and harassment. In addition to any other powers provided by law, the presiding officer shall have the power to:
(1) Determine the scope of the hearing;
(2) Rule on requests and motions;
(3) Make all necessary or appropriate rulings with regard to evidentiary matters;
(4) Administer oaths and affirmations;
(5) Issue subpoenas and compel the attendance and testimony of witnesses for the purposes of providing testimony or producing physical evidence;
(6) Examine witnesses and control the examination of witnesses;
(7) Consolidate proceedings or portions thereof; and
(8) Issue a final decision and order.
Sec. 4-61dd-13. Conduct of hearings
(a) All hearings shall be conducted by a presiding officer and shall be open to the public, unless otherwise provided by law.
(b) Each party shall be afforded the opportunity to call, examine and cross-examine witnesses and introduce evidence into the record of the hearing, subject to the ruling of the presiding officer and as otherwise provided in sections 4-61dd-1 to 4-61dd-21, inclusive, of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies and in the Connecticut General Statutes. Witnesses at all hearings shall testify orally, under oath or affirmation. The presiding officer may examine witnesses to ensure a full inquiry into all contested facts and to ensure a fair determination of the issues.
(c) The presiding officer, in the exercise of reasonable discretion, may exclude from the hearing room any witness not testifying, and may exclude from attendance or from participation in the hearing any person who engages in improper conduct during the hearing.
(d) With the written consent of the parties, the presiding officer may, without holding a hearing, make findings of fact and conclusions of law upon stipulated facts or admissions.
Sec. 4-61dd-14. Motions, objections and waiver
(a) Except as otherwise permitted by the presiding officer, all motions shall be in writing, stating briefly the grounds for such motion and the order or relief sought. Motions shall be filed in accordance with section 4-61dd-5 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies. When time is essential, motions may be made by telephonic conference call, provided that all parties have an opportunity to participate.
Sec. 4-61dd-15. Default and dismissal; hearing in damages
(a) The presiding officer may, on his own or upon motion by a party, enter an order of default against a respondent if the respondent:
(1) Fails to file a written answer as provided for in section 4-61dd-8 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies; or
(2) Fails to appear at a lawfully noticed conference or hearing without good cause.
(b) Upon entering an order of default, the presiding officer may take evidence and issue such orders as may be necessary. The office of public hearings shall issue to the parties notice of the entry of the default and of the date, time and place for a hearing in damages. The hearing shall be limited to the relief necessary to make the complainant whole. Service of the notice of entry of default and hearing in damages shall be made upon the respondent by certified mail, return receipt requested.
(c) The presiding officer may, on his own or upon motion by a party, dismiss a complaint or a portion thereof if the complainant:
(1) Fails to establish subject matter jurisdiction or personal jurisdiction;
(2) Fails to appear at a lawfully noticed conference or hearing without good cause; or
(3) Fails to sustain his or her burden after presentation of evidence.
(d) Whenever a respondent alleges that the complaint fails to state a claim for which relief can be granted, the respondent may file a motion to strike. The motion shall be accompanied by a memorandum of law citing the legal authorities relied on and shall distinctly specify the reason or reasons for the claimed insufficiency. Unless otherwise ordered by the presiding officer, the complainant shall file a response to the motion within fifteen days of the filing of the motion. If the motion is granted by the presiding officer, the complainant shall, within the time ordered by the presiding officer, file a revised complaint complying with the ruling. Failure to file a revised complaint may result in the dismissal of the case.
(e) Whenever a complainant alleges the legal insufficiency of an answer, part of an answer or special defense, the complainant may file a motion to strike the contested pleading or part thereof. Unless otherwise ordered by the presiding officer, the respondent shall file a response to the motion within fifteen days of the filing of the motion.
(f) Upon the entry of an order of dismissal of the entire case, the office of public hearings shall notify the parties as provided in section 4-180(c) of the Connecticut General Statutes.
Sec. 4-61dd-16. Disclosure of documents
(a) Each party shall be afforded the opportunity to inspect and copy relevant and material records, papers and documents not in the possession of the party, except as otherwise provided by applicable state or federal law.
(b) If a party fails to comply with an order of the presiding officer regarding a request for disclosure or production, the presiding officer may issue a non-monetary order, including but not limited to:
(1) An order finding that the matters that are the subject of the request for production or disclosure are established in accordance with the claim of the party requesting such order;
(2) An order prohibiting the party who has failed to comply from introducing designated matters into evidence; and
(3) An order limiting the participation of such party with regard to issues or facts relating to the disclosure sought.
Sec. 4-61dd-17. Sanctions
In addition to those sanctions allowed under sections 4-61dd-15 and 4-61dd-16 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies, if a party or the attorney or other representative of a party fails to comply with sections 4-61dd-1 to 4-61dd-21 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies or with a ruling of the presiding officer, the presiding officer may impose such non-monetary sanctions as he or she deems just and appropriate under the circumstances, including but not limited to continuance of the proceeding, exclusion of testimony or other evidence, and the drawing of an adverse inference against the noncomplying party or attorney or representative of a party.
Sec. 4-61dd-18. Closing arguments and briefs
Sec. 4-61dd-19. Final decisions; modifications
(a) The presiding officer shall issue a written final decision not more than ninety (90) days following the close of evidence or the due date for the filing of briefs, whichever is later, in accordance with section 4-180 of the Connecticut General Statutes.
Sec. 4-61dd-20. Reconsideration, reversal or modification of final decision
Sec. 4-61dd-21. Record of proceedings
In addition to the items specified in section 4-177(d) of the Connecticut General Statutes, the record of a contested case proceeding shall include, but not be limited to: the complaint and any amended complaint, the answer and any amended answer, briefs and other legal memoranda, and any correspondence between the presiding officer and any party or other person concerning the contested case proceeding. The office of public hearings shall maintain and, whenever necessary, certify the official record of all hearings in accordance with chapter 54 and other applicable provisions of the Connecticut General Statutes.
Secs. 4-61dd-22 to 4-61dd-30. [Reserved]
Adopted April 23, 2003. Amendments to sections 4-61dd-1, 4-61dd-2, 4-61dd-4 through 4-61dd-8, 4-61dd-11, 4-61dd-12, 4-61dd-14, 4-61dd-15, 4-61dd-18, and 4-61dd-19, effective to complaints pending on and after December 30, 2008: