What is Kawasaki syndrome?
Kawasaki syndrome is a serious rash illness of children. It is a relatively rare disease.
How is Kawasaki syndrome spread?
Little is known about the way a person gets this syndrome or how it spreads. It does not appear to be transmitted from person-to-person. Since outbreaks occur, it may be caused by an infectious agent.
Who gets Kawasaki syndrome?
Most cases occur in infants and children under age five.
What are the symptoms of Kawasaki syndrome?
Most cases have a high spiking fever that does not respond to antibiotics. It lasts more than five days and is associated with irritability, swollen lymph nodes, red eyes, lips, throat and tongue. The rash may cover the entire body and is sometimes followed by a peeling of the skin on the hands and fingers.
How soon do symptoms appear?
It is unknown how soon symptoms appear after exposure.
Does past infection make a person immune?
Recurrences have been reported but they are extremely rare.
What is the treatment for Kawasaki syndrome?
Most patients are treated in the hospital where they can be closely watched. Aspirin and immunoglobulins are often prescribed.
What are the complications associated with Kawasaki syndrome?
The most frequent complication is coronary artery aneurysms (ballooning out of vessels in the heart). Other organs may be involved as well. Approximately 1-2 percent of cases die of the disease and its complications.
How can Kawasaki syndrome be prevented?
At the present time, preventive measures are unknown.
This fact sheet is for informational purposes only. It should not be used for self-diagnosis or as a substitute for consultation with a health care provider. If you think that you may have this infection, or have questions about the disease described above, you should consult your health care provider.
For additional information on this disease, visit the Centers or Disease Control and Prevention website.
To contact the Epidemiology and Emerging Infections Program, please call 860-509-7994.